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Introducing our SDG Board Member: Vassya Bankova
Vassya Bankova is a Senior Editorial Board Member of BMC Chemistry. She specializes in medicinal plant research related to SDG 15, life on land, and SDG 12, responsible consumption and production.
Find out more about how her research contributes to achieving the SGDs in her blog.Read More
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BMC Chemistry, formerly known as Chemistry Central Journal, is now part of the BMC series.
Chemistry Central Journal has served the chemistry community as a trusted open access resource for more than 10 years – and we are delighted to announce the next step on its journey. In January 2019 the journal has been renamed BMC Chemistry and now strengthens the BMC series footprint in the physical sciences by publishing quality articles and by pushing the boundaries of open chemistry.
Previously featured content
A novel approach for the synthesis of nanostructured Ag3PO4 from phosphate rock: high catalytic and antibacterial activities
Dânoun et al developed a novel approach to synthesize of nanostructured silver phosphate (Ag3PO4) using phosphate rock as alternative, natural source of PO43− precursor ions.
High pressure systems as sustainable extraction and pre-treatment technologies for a holistic corn stover biorefinery
This review by Noppawan et al reports on supercritical carbon dioxide extraction and high-pressure carbon dioxide pre-treatment technologies for valorisation of corn stover agricultural residues. A particular focus is on showing how these technologies can aid in the creation of a holistic biorefineries.
Synthesis of 4,4′-(arylmethylene)bis(3-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-5-ols) and evaluation of their antioxidant and anticancer activities
Pyrazoles exhibit diverse biological activities and cancer treatments carrying this structural motif have previously been approved. Cadena-Cruz at al synthetized and characterized various pyrazole derivatives and tested their effects on cancer cells.
Relaxometric learning: a pattern recognition method for T2 relaxation curves based on machine learning supported by an analytical framework
Date et al describe a data mining method for NMR-based relaxometric data. Results suggest that relaxometric learning is a powerful and versatile alternative to conventional metabolomics approaches for evaluating fleshiness of chemical mixtures in food and for other biological and chemical research requiring a nondestructive, cost-effective, and time-saving method.
Characterization of the key aroma compounds in three types of bagels by means of the sensomics approach
Lasekan et al evaluated the impact of cold fermentation time on bagel rolls, and key aroma-active compounds in the volatile fractions were sequentially characterized by an aroma extract dilution analysis, quantified by stable isotope dilution and analyzed by odor activity values respectively.
Characterization of polysaccharides from different species of brown seaweed using saccharide mapping and chromatographic analysis
In this study, Chen et al used HPLC, multi-angle laser light scattering, viscometry, refractive index detectors and FT-IR to discriminate polysaccharides from nine different species of brown algae. Results provide insights into the structure-function relationship of brown seaweed polysaccharides.
De novo design and bioactivity prediction of SARS-CoV-2 main protease inhibitors using recurrent neural network-based transfer learning
Santana & Silva-Jr developed a deep learning platform for de novo design of putative inhibitors of SARS-CoV-2 main protease. Among the top-20 predicted hits, they identified nine hits via molecular docking displaying binding poses and interactions similar to experimentally validated inhibitors.
Extracts of medicinal plants with natural deep eutectic solvents: enhanced antimicrobial activity and low genotoxicity
Grozdanova et al report on the potential of natural deep eutectic solvents (NADES) for extraction of bioactive constituents of medicinal plants and further suggest that NADES can improve the effects of bioactive extracts.
New insights into prediction of weak π–π complex association through proton-nuclear magnetic resonance analysis
This report by Lin et al is expected to improve proton-NMR analysis for interpretation of weak π–π complexation in liquid and contribute to the applications in various related research fields.
The high photocatalytic efficiency and stability of LaNiO3/g-C3N4 heterojunction nanocomposites for photocatalytic water splitting to hydrogen
Ye et al report that a LaNiO3/g-C3N4 nanocomposite showed enhanced photocatalytic water splitting activity compared with pure LaNiO3 and g-C3N4, facilitated by to the Z-scheme charge carrier transfer pathway.
Rolt and Cox use this review to describe the structural basis underlying the pharmacology of polyphenols towards ROS and related biochemical pathways involved in age-related disease, and further focus on the structural requirements for the direct scavenging of reactive oxygen/nitrogen species such as radicals as well as coordination of a broader antioxidant response.
Development and application of green and sustainable analytical methods for flavonoid extraction from Passiflora waste
da Silva Francischini et al showcase their work on the development, application and comparison of conditions for the extraction of isoorientin, orientin and isovitexin from passion fruit applying solid–liquid methodologies, followed by analyte quantification using UHPLC-PDA.
In this paper, Liu and Yang investigate photo-oxidative products of commercial and unstabilized polypropylene in solid, liquid and gaseous states by using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry and gas chromatography.
Optimal partner wavelength combination method applied to NIR spectroscopic analysis of human serum globulin
In this study, Han et al rapidly analyzed human serum globulin using near infrared spectroscopy.The optimal partner wavelength combination method was employed and results provide important technical support for the rapid detection of serum samples.
Consumption of anthocyanin-rich beverages affects Nrf2 and Nrf2-dependent gene transcription in peripheral lymphocytes and DNA integrity of healthy volunteers
Groh et al reported on how the consumption of anthocyanin-rich beverages affected Nrf2 and Nrf2-dependent gene transcription in human peripheral blood lymphocytes and DNA integrity, which is indicative for systemic effects.
Synthesis, biological evaluation and molecular docking analysis of vaniline-benzylidenehydrazine hybrids as potent tyrosinase inhibitors
Iraji et al synthesized a range of vaniline and benzylidenehydrazine derivatives and evaluated tyrosinase inhibitor activities.
Benzimidazoles are good and very good corrosion inhibitors for extremely aggressive, corrosive acidic media.
A series of biorenewable triblock copolymers consisting of L-lactide and ε-caprolactone were synthesized and tested as agents to remove organic pollutants from water.
A newly modified paper-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (P-ELISA) is developed, which is 256 times more sensitive compared to the existing P-ELISA method.
Bidi is an indigenous form of cigarette popular in South Asian countries. This study indicate the presence of harmful and carcinogenic chemicals in the mainstream bidi smoke that could be harmful to human health.
Production of single cell oil from cane molasses by Rhodotorula kratochvilovae (syn, Rhodosporidium kratochvilovae) SY89 as a biodiesel feedstock
Single cell oil has long been considered an alternative to conventional oil sources. The oil produced can also be used as a feedstock for biodiesel production. In this study, Rhodotorula kratochvilovae (syn, Rhodosporidium kratochvilovae) SY89 was cultivated in a nitrogen-limited medium containing cane molasses as a carbon source. The study aims to provide not only information on the production of single cell oil using R. kratochvilovae SY89 on cane molasses as a biodiesel feedstock, but also to characterize the biodiesel obtained from the resultant lipids.
Crystal structure, DFT calculations and evaluation of 2-(2-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)ethyl)isoindoline-1,3-dione as AChE inhibitor
In this study, 2-(2-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)ethyl)isoindoline-1,3-dione was synthesized, crystallized and evaluated as an inhibitor of AChE: a key enzyme involved in the deterioration of the cholinergic system during the development of Alzheimer’s disease. The geometric structure of the crystal and the theoretical compound were analyzed and compared, finding a close correlation. In addition, biological experiments reveal that the isoindoline-1,3-dione exerts a good competitive inhibition on AChE and has very low acute toxicity compared to the AChE inhibitors currently approved for clinical use.
In this detailed study, Rex Palmer and colleagues present a comparison of the structures of two forms of human recombinant insulin, the commercially available Insugen and Intergen. The ultra-high resolution data presented in this study has implications for the biological activity of this protein, an essential medication for the treatment of diabetes.
MOF the beaten track: unusual structures and uncommon applications of metal–organic frameworks
Following extensive investigation into the porosity of metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) – which have proved themselves as a strong contender in the world of porous materials – the MOF community are now branching away from these heavily researched areas, and venturing into unexplored avenues. This review takes a sidestep away from increasingly ‘traditional’ approaches in the field, and details some of the more curious qualities of this relatively young family of materials. Read the full article here
This article is part of the Directed Assembly article collection.
Acetone is an important solvent and widely used in the synthesis of drugs and polymers, and is currently mainly generated by employing benzene and propylene as fossil raw materials. This article presents information to support the development of active catalysts for acetone synthesis from ethanol, a renewable feedstock.
The latest paper in the "Directed Assembly" article collection, from Karen Robertson at the University of Bath, is now online. The series will showcase the research being made as part of the EPSRC Grand Challenge network that looks at controlling the assembly molecules for use in functional materials, consumer and industrial products and more.
Every year, more than 30 million m3 of waste water is produced from the olive oil making process, posing an environmental challenge for many Mediterranean countries. To this end, researchers from Italy's Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche produced this short report on a quick method to assess the economic value of olive mill waste water, via quantification of hydroxytyrosol and tyrosol in olive phenolic-enriched extracts.
Screening for antioxidant and antibacterial activities of phenolics from Golden Delicious apple pomace
Synthetic antioxidants and antimicrobials are losing ground to their natural counterparts. In a new research article, Zhang and co-workers aim to screen individual polyphenols from Golden Delicious apple pomace for antioxidant and antimicrobial activity.
Exciting research in the latest article from our ‘Organic and Medicinal Chemistry’ section investigates the anticancer activity of a novel series of thioureidobenzenesulfonamides synthesised from 4-isothiocyanatobenzenesulfonamide incorporating biologically active moieties. Additional molecular docking studies also suggestions that the cytotoxic activity reported for this series of compounds could be due to their action as MK-2 enzyme inhibitors.
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