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Table 1 Comparison of the published protocol for MP and PP parabens determination with proposed technique in the research

From: Chromium-based metal organic framework for pipette tip micro-solid phase extraction: an effective approach for determination of methyl and propyl parabens in wastewater and shampoo samples

Sample Analyte(s) Extraction method Instrument LOD (µg/L) LOQ (µg/L) Linear range (µg/L) Refs.
Water, cosmetic creams, human urine Methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, butyl and isobutyl and benzyl paraben SPME HPLC- UV 1.5–2.6 5.0–8.7 0.5–147.0 [1]
Human urine Methyl, ethyl, propyl and butyl paraben SPME HPLC- UV 0.03–0.04 (µg/g) 0.40–0.97 (µg/g) 0.10–10.00 (µg/g) [5]
River water, mouthwash, hand cream Methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl and butyl paraben SPME GC 0.0002–0.0500 Not mentioned 50.0–300.0 [6]
Wastewater and shampoo Methyl and propyl paraben PT-µSPE Spectrophotometer 0.24–0.25 0.80–0.83 1.0–200.0 This work
  1. SPME solid phase microextraction, HPLC–UV high performance liquid chromatography–ultraviolet detection, GC gas chromatography