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Table 1 Phytochemical analysis of Brachychiton populneus leaves methanol extract and derived fractions

From: Estimation of phytochemical constituents and in vitro antioxidant potencies of Brachychiton populneus (Schott & Endl.) R.Br.

Compound class Extracts/fractions
BPM BPH BPC BPE BPB BPA
Alkaloids
 Mayer’s test ++ + + +++ ++ +++
 Hager’s test +++ + + +++ +++ +++
Tannins
 FeCl3 test + + + ++ ++ ++
 Alkaline reagent test ++ + + ++ + ++
Phenols ++ + + +++ +++ +++
Flavonoids
 Alkaline reagent test ++ + ++ +++ ++ +++
 FeCl3 test ++ + + +++ +++ +++
Anthraquinones + + + ++
Betacyanins ++ + +
Anthocyanins + ++ +++ +
Terpenoides ++ + ++ +++ ++ +++
Saponins
 Froth test + + ++ + +
 Emulsion test ++ + ++ ++ ++
Coumarins + + ++ + +
Glycosides ++ + + +++ +++ +++
Sterols + + + ++
Oils and resins + +++ + + ++ +
Quinones + + ++ ++ ++ ++
Triterpenoids ++ +++ ++ + + +
Phlobatannins ++ +++ ++ + + +
Steroids and phytosteroids + ++ ++ + +
Vitamin C ++ + ++ +++ ++ +++
Proteins
 Xanthoproteic test + + + +++ ++ +
 Biuret test ++ + + ++ ++ ++
  1. (+) present, (−) absent, (++) moderate concentration, (+++) abundant concentration
  2. BPM: B. populneus methanol extract; BPH: B. populneus n-hexane fraction; BPC; B. populneus chloroform fraction; BPE: B. populneus ethyl acetate fraction; BPB: B. populneus butanol fraction; BPA: B. populneus aqueous fraction