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Table 1 Amounts of toxicants (mean level ± SD, n = 3) in the aerosol from heated tobacco at six different temperatures

From: An experimental method to study emissions from heated tobacco between 100-200°C

  unit Tobacco Heating Temperature (°C)
100 120 140 160 180 200
TPM mg/sample 11.05 ± 2.14 13.55 ± 4.69 23.31 ± 6.90 19.43 ± 6.79 30.47 ± 5.10 32.07 ± 6.20
Water mg/sample 8.41 ± 1.88 10.13 ± 3.99 14.47 ± 0.64 13.11 ± 3.97 16.73 ± 1.02 18.81 ± 1.71
Nicotine mg/sample <0.10 <0.10 0.21 ± 0.11 0.45 ± 0.28 1.28 ± 0.39 1.55 ± 0.72
NFDPM mg/sample 2.62 ± 0.29 3.38 ± 0.70 8.64 ± 6.21 5.88 ± 2.83 12.46 ± 3.78 11.71 ± 6.47
Ammonia μg/sample <0.80 <0.80 <0.80 <0.80 <0.80 <0.80
Carbon monoxide mg/sample 0.01 ± 0.02 0.00 ± 0.00 0.01 ± 0.02 0.01 ± 0.02 0.07 ± 0.04 0.13 ± 0.02
Acetaldehyde μg/sample <1.20 6.5 ± 1.3 29.8 ± 4.7 61.9 ± 6.3 78.4 ± 1.9 84.6 ± 15.1
Acrolein μg/sample <1.00 <1.00 <1.00 <1.00 <1.00 <1.00
Crotonaldehyde μg/sample <1.10 <1.10 <1.10 <1.10 2.0 ± 0.1 4.1 ± 0.2
Formaldehyde μg/sample <0.90 <0.90 <0.90 <0.90 1.0 ± 0.1 2.9 ± 1.2
Hydrogen cyanide μg/sample <5.60 <5.60 <5.60 <5.60 <5.60 <5.60
Catechol μg/sample <4.00 <4.00 <4.00 <4.00 <4.00 <4.00
m-Cresol μg/sample <0.40 <0.40 <0.40 <0.40 <0.40 <0.40
o-Cresol μg/sample <0.40 <0.40 <0.40 <0.40 <0.40 <0.40
p-Cresol μg/sample <0.40 <0.40 <0.40 <0.40 <0.40 <0.40
Hydroquinone μg/sample <3.20 <3.20 <3.20 <3.20 <3.20 <3.20
Phenol μg/sample <1.60 <1.60 <1.60 <1.60 <1.60 <1.60
NNN ng/sample 0.8 ± 0.2 1.4 ± 0.3 2.3 ± 0.7 1.8 ± 0.6 1.5 ± 0.8 1.8 ± 0.8
NNK ng/sample 0.7 ± 0.1 0.9 ± 0.1 1.7 ± 0.5 1.3 ± 0.7 1.4 ± 1.0 0.7 ± 0.1
NAB ng/sample <0.18 <0.18 0.3 ± 0.1 0.2 ± 0.1 0.4 ± 0.0 0.4 ± 0.3
NAT ng/sample 0.4 ± 0.1 0.8 ± 0.2 1.3 ± 0.6 1.1 ± 0.6 1.5 ± 1.4 4.2 ± 3.2
Acrylonitrile μg/sample <0.33 <0.33 <0.33 <0.33 <0.33 <0.33
Benzene μg/sample <1.42 <1.42 <1.42 <1.42 <1.42 <1.42
1,3-Butadiene μg/sample <2.02 <2.02 <2.02 <2.02 <2.02 <2.02
Isoprene μg/sample <8.25 <8.25 <8.25 <8.25 <8.25 <8.25
Toluene μg/sample <2.10 <2.10 <2.10 <2.10 <2.10 <2.10
Acetone μg/sample <1.50 <1.50 <1.50 3.6 ± 1.1 7.0 ± 0.5 8.4 ± 3.7
Butyraldehyde μg/sample <1.20 <1.20 5.4 ± 0.7 10.5 ± 0.9 10.9 ± 0.7 9.5 ± 2.2
Methyl ethyl ketone μg/sample <1.20 <1.20 <1.20 <1.20 1.3 ± 0.0 1.9 ± 0.5
Propionaldehyde μg/sample <0.95 <0.95 <0.95 1.7 ± 0.3 3.5 ± 0.2 5.6 ± 0.8
Resourcinol μg/sample <0.40 <0.40 <0.40 <0.40 <0.40 <0.40