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Table 1 GS-MS chemical composition of the volatiles from the investigated Artemisia species

From: Chemical characterization by GC-MS and in vitro activity against Candida albicans of volatile fractions prepared from Artemisia dracunculus, Artemisia abrotanum, Artemisia absinthium and Artemisia vulgaris

No RI Compound A. abrotanumplant % (mg/ml) A. abrotanumCH2Cl2% (mg/ml) A. dracunculusplant % (mg/ml) A. dracunculusCH2Cl2% (mg/ml) A. absinthiumCH2Cl2% (mg/ml) A. vulgarisplant % (mg/ml) A. vulgaris% (mg/ml)
1. 969 4-Methyl-pent-2-enolid 15.7 (1.7869) 1.7 (0.1379) - 1.8 (0.046) - - -
2. 991 1-Octen-3ol - - - - - - 4.2 (0.253)
3. 1037 1,8-Cineol - - - - - - 18 (1.077)
4. 1043 Z-β-Ocimene - - 1.3 (0.103) - - - -
5. 1044 Lavender lactone 2.6 (0.3017) - - - - - -
6. 1053 E-β-Ocimene - - 1.6 (0.124) - - - -
7. 1069 cis-Arbusculone 0.7 (0.0885) - - - - - -
8. 1077 trans-Arbusculone 0.6 (0.0738) - - - - - -
9. 1100 trans-Sabinene hydrate - - - - - 3.5 (0.079) -
10. 1114 Phenylethyl alcohol - - - - - 1.8 (0.042) 2.1 (0.129)
11. 1122 β-Thujone - - - - 14.7 (0.380) - -
12. 1129 1-Terpineol 1.6 (0.1817) - - - - - -
13. 1132 allo Ocimene - - 0.3 (0.028) - - - -
14. 1141 iso-3-Thujanol - - - - 2.2 (0.059) - -
15. 1147 cis-β-Terpineol 1.2 (0.1402) 0.8 (0.0700) - - - - -
16. 1152 Camphor - - - - - - 5.6 (0.337)
17. 1173 Borneol - - - - - 5.4 (0.122) 13.2 (0.792)
18. 1183 Terpinen-4-ol - - - - - 18.2 (0.407) 13.5 (0.801)
19. 1189 p-Cymen-8-ol - - - - - - 1.9 (0.113)
20. 1195 α-Terpineol - - - - - 10 (0.223) 6.6 (0.394)
21. 1202 Estragole 0.9 (0.1123) 0.8 (0.0702) 84.1 (6.406) - 5 (0.126) -  
22. 1211 trans-Piperitol 1.2 (0.1454) - - - - - -
23. 1221 trans-Carveole - - - - - 1.9 (0.043) -
24. 1226 Nerol - - - - 11.5 (0.297) - -
25. 1227 Nordavanone, 3 (0.3414) 5.4 (0.4275) - 8.3 (0.206) - - -
26. 1252 Geraniol - - - - 2.6 (0.069) - -
27. 1253 Chavicol -   0.4 (0.031) 1 (0.023) - - -
28. 1257 Piperitone 0.5 (0.0616) - - - - - -
29. 1260 cis-Chrysanthenylacetate - - - - 2.5 (0.065) - 15 (0.897)
30. 1292 Cuminol - - - -   7.2 (0.163) 1.7 (0.105)
31. 1299 UnknownABS      29.1 (0.750)   
32. 1331 1.4-p-Menthadien-7-ol - - - -   3.6 (0.082) 1.7 (0.105)
33. 1354 Eugenol -   1.4 (0.107) 1.4 (0.036) 0.9 (0.023) 3.8 (0.086) 3 (0.175)
34. 1367 UnknownABR1   5.2 (0.4115) - - - - -
35. 1386 E-Methylcinnamate - - 0.9 (0.068) - - - -
36. 1399 Methyleugenol -   2.2 (0.173) 1.4 (0.035) 1.5 (0.040) - -
37. 1401 UnknownABR2 1.3 (0.1540)       
38. 1422 UnknownABR3   20.7 (1.6363)   4.3 (0.106)    
39. 1466 γ-Decalactone - - 0.2 (0.015) - - - -
40. 1483 Germacrene D - - 0.2 (0.015) - - 0.5 (0.011) 1.6 (0.091)
41. 1484 Davanone ether 0.9 (0.1016) - - - - -  
42. 1486 Farnesene - - - - - - 1(0.062)
43. 1491 β-Selinene - - - - - - 1.2 (0.076)
44. 1500 Bicyclogermacrene - - 0.1 (0.012) - - - -
45. 1504 Davana ether* 3.2 (0.3591) - - - - - -
46. 1518 Artedouglasia oxide C 1.7 (0.1932) 1.1 (0.0869)   1.7 (0.042)    
47. 1520 δ-Cadinene - - - - - - 1.5 (0.093)
48. 1522 Davana ether* 1.4 (0.1581) - - - - - -
49. 1531 Artedouglasia oxide A 2.2 (0.2575) 1.8 (0.1486) - 3.4 (0.084) - - -
50. 1554 Artedouglasia oxide D 1 (0.1201) 0.6 (0.0534) - 1 (0.023) - - -
51. 1476 Artedouglasia oxide B 1.3 (0.1469) 1 (0.0858) - 1.6 (0.040) - - -
52. 1580 cis-Davanone 5.2 (0.5989) 7.4 (0.5896) 0.6 (0.048) 9.1 (0.225) - - -
53. 1589 Spathulenol - - - - 6.5 (0.168) 12.1 (0.271) 7.1 (0.425)
54. 1585 Caryophyllene oxide - - - - 2.8 (0.072) 8.5 (0.191) 2.7 (0.163)
55. 1598 UnknownABR4 - 2 (0.1582) - - - - -
56. 1599 UnknownABR5 1.3 (0.1570) - - - - - -
57. 1641 UnknownABR6 2.7 (0.3121) - - - - - -
58. 1655 Bisabololoxide B - - - - 3.3 (0.086) - -
59. 1656 epi-α Muurolol - - - - - 11.8 (0.265) -
60. 1684 α-Bisabolol - - -   11 (0.285) - -
61. 1685 UnknownABR7 12.4 (1.4113) 17.2 (1.3599) 0.5 (0.041) 20.5 (0.506) - - -
62. 1688 UnknownABR8 4 (0.4598) - - - - - -
63. 1711 UnknownABR9 8.7 (0.9892) - - 3.4 (0.085) - - -
64. 1719 Herniarin, - - 4.3 (0.329) 10 (0.246) 5.8 (0.150) - -
65. 1754 Davanone Derivative 22.5 (2.5593) 33.3 (2.6535) - 18.2 (0.450) - - -
66. 1936 UnknownDRA - - 0.3 (0.029) 7 (0.174) - - -
67. 1963 Hexadecanoic acid - - - - - 11.2 (0.249) -
68. 2107 Phytol-isomer 1.2 (0.1451) - 1.1 (0.087) (0.138) - - -
  1. * exact isomer not determined, RI retention index.
  2. Mass spectra of the unidentified compounds.
  3. RI 1367 UnknownABR1: 41 (50), 43 (72), 44 (13), 45 (14), 53 (15), 55 (100), 56 (13), 57 (30), 67 (32), 68 (13), 69 (37), 71 (41), 74 (11), 81 (19), 83 (14), 84 (11), 85 (11), 93 (37), 95 (25), 111 (34), 123 (10), 169 (46).
  4. RI 1299 UnknownABS: 41 (39), 43 (68), 44 (8), 53 (16), 55 (22), 57 (14), 59 (100), 67 (49), 68 (19), 69 (9), 71 (34), 77 (11), 79 (32), 81 (45), 82 (55), 83 (12), 89 (11), 93 (7), 94 (7), 109 (10), 152 (11).
  5. RI 11401 UnknownABR2: 55 (100), 41 (70), 43 (100), 44 (25), 53 (16), 56 (14), 57 (55), 59 (26), 67 (31), 69 (44), 71 (34), 77 (12), 81 (29), 83 (26), 85 (19), 91 (18), 93 (96), 95 (15), 97 (20), 111 (68), 125 (15), 126 (26).
  6. RI 1422 UnknownABR3: 41 (32), 43 (62), 53 (13), 55 (83), 57 (10), 67 (24), 68 (14), 69 (28), 71 (100), 72 (14), 77 (10), 81 (24), 83 (16), 91 (14), 93 (74), 95 (9), 100 (19), 110 (11), 111 (94), 125 (18), 195 (11).
  7. RI 1598 UnknownABR4: 41 (9), 42 (3), 43 (10), 44 (3), 53 (4), 55 (13), 57 (6), 67 (5), 68 (3), 69 (5), 71 (4), 79 (2), 81 (4), 83 (5), 85 (100), 86 (5), 93 (9), 107 (2), 111 (3), 114 (12), 156 (4).
  8. RI 1599 UnknownABR5: 41 (38), 43 (100), 44 (14), 55 (30), 57 (25), 69 (22), 71 (17), 77 (14), 79 (20), 81 (32), 83 (22), 85 (20), 91 (15), 93 (18), 95 (17), 109 (45), 149 (14), 161 (15), 207 (46), 219 (21), 234 (15).
  9. RI 1641 UnknownABR6: 41 (52), 43 (68),44 (13), 53 (18), 55 (100), 56 (13), 57 (29), 67 (27), 68 (18), 69 (37), 71 (23), 79 (12), 81 (27), 83 (32), 84 (17), 85 (12), 91 (12), 93 (72), 95 (24), 109 (13), 111 (73).
  10. RI 1685 UnknownABR7: 41 (38), 43 (40), 53 (9), 55 (53), 57 (10), 67 (15), 68 (10), 69 (43), 71 (18), 77 (6), 81 (17), 83 (20), 91 (9), 93 (64), 94 (7), 95 (8), 97 (9), 111 (100), 112 (12), 125 (19), 140 (13).
  11. RI 1688 UnknownABR8: 41 (62), 43 (100), 53 (15), 55 (82), 57 (23), 67 (31), 68 (28), 69 (43), 70 (16), 71 (77), 72 (19), 79 (12), 81 (31), 82 (15), 83 (20), 91 (13), 93 (93), 94 (14), 95 (24), 110 (15), 111 (76), 113 (13), 125 (20).
  12. RI 1711 UnknownABR9: 43 (100), 93 (66), 55 (55), 111 (55), 113 (51), 85 (39), 41 (35), 69 (30), 67 (26), 95 (25), 81 (24), 125 (20), 57 (20), 71 (19), 97 (17), 96 (17), 109 (14), 83 (14), 68 (14), 138 (11), 53 (11), 236 (5).
  13. RI 1754 Davanone-derivative: 41 (45). 43 (100), 53 (17), 55 (74), 57 (24), 67 (32), 68 (14), 69 (45), 71 (36), 79 (18), 81 (48), 82 (12), 83 (23), 91 (12), 93 (87), 95 (20), 96 (29), 97 (48), 109 (20), 111 (90), 112 (12), 113 (15), 125 (69), 236 (36).
  14. RI 136 UnknownDRA: 41 (40), 43 (12), 53 (22), 55 (23), 57 (17), 66 (23), 67 (28), 69 (25), 77 (12), 79 (18), 81 (84), 82 (9), 83 (12), 95 (21), 96 (74), 98 (14), 110 (17), 113 (13), 151 (100), 152 (37), 22.