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Table 1 Total phenolic content, total flavonoid content and antioxidant activity of different parts of F. benjamina

From: Chemical composition and Biological studies of Ficus benjamina

Antioxidant assay Plant parts
  Crude extracts and fractions Stem Root Leaves
Total phenolic contents (GAE mg/100 g) Methanol 539.17 ± 3.21e 573.06 ± 2.74d 531.76 ± 4.90e
n-butanol 735.11 ± 3.42a 705.48 ± 3.42b 650.17 ± 5.22c
Chloroform 90.28 ± 0.11j 122.87 ± 0.65i 66.76 ± 1.07k
Ethyl acetate 263.85 ± 1.71f 237.19 ± 1.71g 157.19 ± 1.71h
n-hexane 7.80 ± 0.21lk 10.02 ± 0.21li 12.61 ± 0.21ll
Total flavonoid contents (CE mg/100 g) Methanol 724.60 ± 0.89f 1654.00 ± 8.93b 1592.20 ± 8.93c
n-butanol 1566.40 ± 9.52d 1665.30 ± 9.52b 1780.80 ± 9.52a
Chloroform 103.20 ± 2.68k 491.20 ± 4.55h 262.70 ± 2.98j
Ethyl acetate 329.60 ± 4.76i 807.90 ± 4.76e 552.20 ± 4.76g
n-hexane 4.50 ± 0.25lj 6.40 ± 0.12lj 8.40 ± 0.12lj
DPPH, IC50 (μg/ml) Methanol 50.10 ± 3.23i 58.81 ± 4.50i 49.86 ± 3.39i
n-butanol 152.35 ± 4.10g 158.44 ± 3.29g 147.46 ± 3.85g
Chloroform 176.04 ± 4.54f 221.22 ± 4.20e 103.96 ± 2.06h
Ethyl acetate 228.79 ± 5.27de 237.1 ± 4.69d 223.00 ± 2.68e
n-hexane 554.13 ± 7.39b 580.75 ± 5.89a 436.21 ± 7.27c
% Inhibition in linoleic acid system Methanol 78.16 ± 3.41b 85.87 ± 3.59a 69.81 ± 3.00c
n-butanol 49.66 ± 2.98ef 81.48 ± 3.59ab 50.48 ± 2.47e
Chloroform 16.94 ± 1.44j 58.52 ± 2.94d 42.41 ± 2.36fg
Ethyl acetate 34.79 ± 2.41h 24.50 ± 1.88i 37.95 ± 1.78gh
  n-hexane 35.65 ± 2.00gh 20.57 ± 0.63ij 26.82 ± 1.85i
  1. Values are means ± SD of three separate experiments (p < 0.05). Different letters in superscript indicate significant differences within solvents and among various parts.