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Table 1 Fatty acid composition (weight % of total fatty acids) of oils from whole berries, pulp/peel and seeds of different cultivars of H. rhamnoides L. (ssp. carpatica ) fruits

From: Fatty acids in berry lipids of six sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L., subspecies carpatica) cultivars grown in Romania

  Sea buckthorn cultivars (ssp. carpatica)
Fatty acid C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6
    Whole berries    
C14:0 0.22 ± 0.05 0.61 ± 0.10 0.59 ± 0.10 0.25 ± 0.05 0.37 ± 0.03 0.33 ± 0.05
C15:0 tr 0.05 ± 0.02 0.04 ± 0.02 0.03 ± 0.01 0.03 ± 0.02 0.04 ± 0.01
C16:0 35.11 ± 0.80 20.80 ± 0.61 36.16 ± 0.84 37.33 ± 0.87 37.21 ± 0.89 33.32 ± 0.64
C16:1n-9 0.02 ± 0.01 0.14 ± 0.02 0.04 ± 0.02 0.02 ± 0.01 0.02 ± 0.01 0.03 ± 0.02
C16:1n-7 19.80 ± 0.55 9.63 ± 0.38 24.64 ± 0.46 23.70 ± 0.65 23.75 ± 0.75 19.65 ± 0.60
C17:0 0.03 ± 0.02 0.03 ± 0.02 0.02 ± 0.01 0.02 ± 0.01 0.02 ± 0.01 tr
C18:0 1.41 ± 0.17 2.86 ± 0.14 0.94 ± 0.10 0.96 ± 0.12 0.82 ± 0.08 1.27 ± 0.10
C18:1n-9 30.47 ± 0.73 45.90 ± 0.80 22.29 ± 0.62 23.93 ± 0.73 24.85 ± 0.65 28.39 ± 0.91
C18:1n-7 6.78 ± 0.20 4.55 ± 0.30 6.23 ± 0.20 6.58 ± 0.22 5.76 ± 0.22 5.37 ± 0.17
C18:2n-6 3.05 ± 0.13 10.87 ± 0.38 6.24 ± 0.25 5.17 ± 0.20 4.57 ± 0.23 7.60 ± 0.25
C18:3n-3 2.90 ± 0.14 4.17 ± 0.15 2.67 ± 0.13 1.86 ± 0.14 2.41 ± 0.19 3.86 ± 0.16
C20:0 0.17 ± 0.05 0.23 ± 0.04 0.12 ± 0.02 0.12 ± 0.03 0.14 ± 0.03 0.13 ± 0.03
C20:1n-9 0.06 ± 0.02 0.15 ± 0.02 0.03 ± 0.01 0.02 ± 0.01 0.05 ± 0.02 tr
    Pulp/peel    
C14:0 0.23 ± 0.03 0.59 ± 0.06 0.46 ± 0.04 0.29 ± 0.05 0.42 ± 0.05 0.40 ± 0.04
C15:0 tr 0.04 ± 0.02 0.03 ± 0.02 0.03 ± 0.02 0.03 ± 0.01 0.04 ± 0.02
C16:0 34.62 ± 0.88 23.17 ± 0.63 39.11 ± 0.91 38.76 ± 1.11 39.22 ± 1.22 37.68 ± 1.12
C16:1n-9 0.04 ± 0.02 0.16 ± 0.04 0.02 ± 0.01 0.01 ± 0.01 0.02 ± 0.01 0.03 ± 0.02
C16:1n-7 19.53 ± 0.67 11.05 ± 0.44 26.70 ± 0.58 25.74 ± 0.96 26.19 ± 0.71 24.90 ± 0.90
C17:0 0.03 ± 0.02 0.02 ± 0.01 0.02 ± 0.01 0.02 ± 0.01 0.03 ± 0.02 0.02 ± 0.01
C18:0 1.25 ± 0.15 2.53 ± 0.07 0.84 ± 0.06 0.77 ± 0.08 0.61 ± 0.07 0.87 ± 0.08
C18:1n-9 32.76 ± 0.94 53.08 ± 1.12 20.81 ± 0.69 22.75 ± 0.75 24.41 ± 0.74 23.10 ± 0.82
C18:1n-7 6.41 ± 0.29 5.34 ± 0.16 6.41 ± 0.20 6.85 ± 0.25 5.72 ± 0.18 6.31 ± 0.19
C18:2n-6 4.06 ± 0.16 2.25 ± 0.10 4.57 ± 0.18 4.15 ± 0.16 2.57 ± 0.09 3.41 ± 0.10
C18:3n-3 0.84 ± 0.08 1.33 ± 0.07 0.90 ± 0.05 0.54 ± 0.04 0.63 ± 0.04 3.14 ± 0.11
C20:0 0.17 ± 0.03 0.24 ± 0.04 0.10 ± 0.02 0.07 ± 0.02 0.12 ± 0.03 0.10 ± 0.03
C20:1n-9 0.06 ± 0.03 0.20 ± 0.05 0.03 ± 0.01 tr 0.05 ± 0.02 tr
    Seeds    
C14:0 0.10 ± 0.02 0.09 ± 0.03 0.24 ± 0.03 0.15 ± 0.03 0.12 ± 0.02 0.09 ± 0.01
C15:0 0.11 ± 0.03 tr 0.30 ± 0.04 tr 0.12 ± 0.03 tr
C16:0 9.12 ± 0.38 7.14 ± 0.26 12.44 ± 0.44 9.43 ± 0.33 10.29 ± 0.31 8.06 ± 0.28
C16:1n-9 nd nd nd nd nd nd
C16:1n-7 0.53 ± 0.07 0.16 ± 0.03 0.36 ± 0.03 0.43 ± 0.06 0.33 ± 0.04 0.19 ± 0.03
C17:0 0.03 ± 0.01 0.03 ± 0.02 tr 0.05 ± 0.01 0.03 ± 0.01 tr
C18:0 3.03 ± 0.07 3.84 ± 0.08 2.91 ± 0.09 3.68 ± 0.11 3.10 ± 0.10 2.98 ± 0.08
C18:1n-9 13.57 ± 0.53 14.89 ± 0.41 16.74 ± 0.66 15.49 ± 0.51 16.30 ± 0.60 20.09 ± 0.71
C18:1n-7 2.28 ± 0.11 1.38 ± 0.08 1.48 ± 0.10 2.22 ± 0.10 2.29 ± 0.11 1.27 ± 0.07
C18:2n-6 42.35 ± 0.95 42.12 ± 1.13 33.72 ± 0.98 36.98 ± 0.82 34.41 ± 1.04 38.93 ± 1.17
C18:3n-3 28.50 ± 0.55 29.78 ± 0.62 31.81 ± 0.72 30.98 ± 0.70 32.60 ± 0.80 28.13 ± 0.67
C20:0 0.37 ± 0.04 0.41 ± 0.04 0.21 ± 0.04 0.49 ± 0.03 0.35 ± 0.04 0.26 ± 0.04
C20:1n-9 tr 0.16 ± 0.03 tr 0.10 ± 0.02 0.06 ± 0.02 tr
  1. Values are mean ± SD of three samples of each fruit part, analyzed individually in triplicate; C1- C6, sea buckthorn (ssp. carpatica) cultivars.
  2. C14:0, myristic; C15:0, pentadecanoic; C16:0, palmitic; C16:1n-9, cis-7 hexadecenoic; C16:1n-7, palmitoleic; C17:0, margaric; C18:0, stearic; C18:1n-9, oleic; C18:1n-7, vaccenic; C18:2n-6, linoleic; C18:3n-3, α-linolenic; C20:0, arachidic; C20:1n-9, eicosenoic acids.