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Assignment of protonation states and geometries to macromolecular structures using Unary Quadratic Optimization

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A method is presented for assigning protonation states and hydrogen atom geometry to macromolecular structures. Tautomer and ionization state (including metal ligation) are taken into account during a large scale free energy optimization. This discrete optimization is performed with a Unary Quadratic Optimization procedure. The thermodynamic theory and the results of several computational validation experiments will be presented.

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Correspondence to Paul Labute.

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Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Keywords

  • Hydrogen
  • Free Energy
  • Hydrogen Atom
  • Optimization Procedure
  • Ionization State