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Table 3 Effect of Cu- CNP priming treatments on enzymatic and non- enzymatic antioxidants

From: Priming with copper-chitosan nanoparticles elicit tolerance against PEG-induced hyperosmotic stress and salinity in wheat

Enzymatic /Non-Enzymatic Antioxidants Treatments
Non- Stress Under PEG-induced hyperosmotic stress Under salt stress
Control Hydro-priming 0.12% Cu- CNP 0.16% Cu- CNP Control Hydro-priming 0.12% Cu- CNP 0.16% Cu- CNP Control Hydro-priming 0.12% Cu- CNP 0.16% Cu- CNP
Catalase (CAT) (units/g f.wt) 437 cd 298 e 665 a 277 e 435 cd 470 c 652 a 445 cd 535 b 432 cd 650 a 417 d
Peroxidase (POD) (units/g f.wt) 29,252 a 6392 f 2913 g 6193 f 14,786 c 4139 g 3947 g 7470 f 9662 e 23,258 b 12,167 d 23,122 b
Superoxide dismutase (SOD) (units/g f.wt) 113 g 123 fg 121 fg 139 de 171 a 164 ab 148 cd 152 bcd 147 cd 142 de 160 abc 132 ef
Total Phenolics (TPC) (µM/g f.wt) 37,220 a 28,377 c 29,710 bc 27,750 c 21,822 de 21,053 e 24,277 d 18,150 f 32,322 b 19,400 ef 24,452 d 19,385 ef
  1. Mean values of four replicates presented. Within a row, means sharing the same letters are non-significantly different (p > 0.05 and p > 0.01) according to the Tukey’s Test (HSD)