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Table 2 Effect of Cu- Chitosan nanoparticle priming treatments on biomolecules and hydrolytic enzymes

From: Priming with copper-chitosan nanoparticles elicit tolerance against PEG-induced hyperosmotic stress and salinity in wheat

Biomolecules/ hydrolytic enzymes Treatments
Non-Stress Under PEG-induced hyperosmotic stress Under salt stress
Control Hydro-priming 0.12% Cu- CNP 0.16% Cu- CNP Control Hydro-priming 0.12% Cu- CNP 0.16% Cu- CNP Control Hydro-priming 0.12% Cu- CNP 0.16% Cu- CNP
Protein (mg/gf.wt) 151 f 287 b 140 f 267 c 184 e 150 f 287 b 303 b 376 a 215 d 174 e 304 b
Total Sugars (mg/g. f.wt) 91 cd 82 de 134 a 79 e 90 cd 80 e 93 c 91 cd 79 e 81 e 106 b 85 cde
α-Amylase (mg/g F.wt.) 112 b 123 b 41 e 73 d 123 b 72 d 14 f 71 d 193 a 73 d 54 e 91 c
Protease
(units/g F.wt.)
8706 b 8629 b 7440 de 8197 bc 7904 cd 7050 ef 7491 de 9747 a 7440 de 10,150 a 6491 f 10,277 a
  1. Mean values of three replicates presented. Within a column, means sharing the same letters are non-significantly different (p > 0.05 and p > 0.01) according to the Tukey’s Test (HSD)