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Table 1 Comparison of the suggested protocol for analysis of PFF by the published techniques

From: Determination of profenofos in seawater and foodstuff samples after its molecularly imprinted polymer pipette-tip micro solid phase extraction optimized by response surface methodology

Extraction method Instrument used Recovery Volume of eluent (µL) LOD (µg/L) Linear range (µg/L) RSD (%) Ref
dispersive solid phase microextraction by Fe3O4 graphene oxide nanocomposite HPLC with ultraviolet detector and GC 96.6–103.4 80 14.2 ng/g 0.05–100 mg/kg 9.1–12.0 3
dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction GC 88–99% 1500 0.89 3.10–1000 7 23
MIP Cyclic voltammetry/ impedance spectroscopy 97.0–101.2 Not mentioned 5 nM 5 × 10−8 to 35 × 10−4 M 0.19 24
MIP GC 94.0–104.0 100 mL 294 500–10,000 5.0 35
PT-MIP-µSPE Spectrophotometry 93.9–99.7 250 0.33 1.0–1000.0 5.6 This work