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Table 2 Fatty acid composition of total lipids extracted from Aloe species

From: Comparative analysis of some bioactive compounds in leaves of different Aloe species

No. Fatty acid (%)* Aloe aculeata Aloe africana Aloe arborescens Aloe barbadensis Aloe ferox Aloe marlothii Aloe spectabilis
1 Capric acid (C10:0) 0.04 ± 0.00e 0.17 ± 0.00b 0.19 ± 0.01a 0.09 ± 0.00d 0.02 ± 0.00f 0.08 ± 0.00d 0.12 ± 0.01c
2 Lauric acid (C12:0) 0.24 ± 0.01f 0.64 ± 0.03b 0.56 ± 0.02c 0.42 ± 0.02d 0.32 ± 0.01e 0.51 ± 0.02c 0.73 ± 0.03a
3 Myristic acid (C14:0) 0.83 ± 0.04f 2.54 ± 0.12a 2.09 ± 0.10b 1.01 ± 0.05ef 1.44 ± 0.07d 1.09 ± 0.05e 1.73 ± 0.08c
4 Pentadecyclic acid (C15:0) 0.26 ± 0.01e 0.54 ± 0.01bc 0.78 ± 0.05a 0.46 ± 0.02d 0.51 ± 0.04bcd 0.5 ± 0.02cd 0.58 ± 0.02b
5 Palmitic acid (C16:0) 24.13 ± 1.17ab 22.42 ± 1.11bc 21.70 ± 1.12bc 26.48 ± 1.38a 20.44 ± 0.99c 24.48 ± 1.23ab 20.65 ± 0.98c
6 Palmitoleic acid (C16:1 n − 9) 0.53 ± 0.02d 1.44 ± 0.07b 3.25 ± 1.15a 0.91 ± 0.04c 1.61 ± 0.81b 1.08 ± 0.05c 1.48 ± 0.72b
7 Cis-7 hexadecenoic acid (C16:1 n − 7) 14.16 ± 0.72a 0.48 ± 0.02d 0.37 ± 0.01d 2.81 ± 0.13b 0.89 ± 0.04cd 1.56 ± 0.08c 0.65 ± 0.03d
8 Margaric acid (C17:0) 0.54 ± 0.02f 1.14 ± 0.06d 0.83 ± 0.04e 1.93 ± 0.09a 0.85 ± 0.04e 1.73 ± 0.08b 1.52 ± 0.07c
9 Stearic acid (C18:0) 4.61 ± 0.23c 5.72 ± 0.28a 5.35 ± 0.27ab 4.69 ± 0.22bc 4.74 ± 0.23bc 4.39 ± 0.22c 5.85 ± 0.28a
10 Oleic acid (C18:1 n − 9) 18.46 ± 0.94a 7.03 ± 0.34b 7.08 ± 0.33b 7.73 ± 0.39b 7.26 ± 0.34b 7.53 ± 0.37b 7.00 ± 0.35b
11 Vaccenic acid (C18:1 n − 7) 5.03 ± 0.24a 1.34 ± 0.06b 0.55 ± 0.02e 1.23 ± 0.06bc 0.89 ± 0.04d 1.03 ± 0.05cd 0.98 ± 0.05cd
12 Linoleic acid (C18:2 n − 6) 10.75 ± 0.54e 17.37 ± 1.85 cd 19.92 ± 0.62ab 15.67 ± 0.81d 19.61 ± 1.00bc 17.77 ± 0.93bcd 22.25 ± 1.07a
13 Linolenic acid (C18:3 n − 3) 19.50 ± 0.97c 36.43 ± 1.81ab 34.74 ± 1.72b 36.94 ± 1.79ab 40.55 ± 2.03a 37.89 ± 1.95ab 33.55 ± 1.68b
14 Arachidonic acid (C20:0) 0.29 ± 0.01c 0.57 ± 0.02b 0.77 ± 0.04a 0.73 ± 0.03a 0.23 ± 0.01c 0.71 ± 0.03a 0.69 ± 0.03a
15 Behenic acid (C22:0) 0.20 ± 0.01d 0.65 ± 0.03c 1.02 ± 0.04a 0.69 ± 0.03bc 0.22 ± 0.01 cd 0.73 ± 0.03bc 0.76 ± 0.03b
16 Tricosylic acid (C23:0) 0.09 ± 0.00e 0.51 ± 0.02a 0.22 ± 0.01c 0.41 ± 0.02b 0.16 ± 0.01d 0.38 ± 0.02b 0.52 ± 0.02a
17 Lignoceric acid (C24:0) 0.33 ± 0.02d 1.02 ± 0.05a 0.60 ± 0.03c 0.80 ± 0.03b 0.26 ± 0.01d 0.75 ± 0.03b 0.95 ± 0.05a
  ∑SFAs 31.57 ± 1.63ab 35.91 ± 1.75a 34.09 ± 1.63a 34.72 ± 1.70a 29.21 ± 1.39b 35.35 ± 1.76a 34.10 ± 1.68a
  ∑MUFAs 38.18 ± 1.93a 10.29 ± 0.52bc 11.26 ± 0.55bc 12.67 ± 0.62b 10.64 ± 0.55bc 11.20 ± 0.56bc 10.10 ± 0.49c
  ∑PUFAs 30.25 ± 1.58c 53.80 ± 2.68ab 54.65 ± 2.73ab 52.61 ± 2.52b 60.15 ± 3.15a 55.69 ± 2.68ab 55.80 ± 2.72ab
  PUFAs/SFAs 0.96- ± 0.04c 1.50 ± 0.08b 1.60 ± 0.08b 1.52 ± 0.08b 2.06 ± 0.10a 1.52 ± 0.08b 1.64 ± 0.09b
  n − 6/n − 3 PUFAs 0.55 ± 0.02bc 0.48 ± 0.02 cd 0.57 ± 0.03b 0.42 ± 0.04d 0.48 ± 0.02 cd 1.64 ± 0.09b 0.66 ± 0.03a
  Total lipid content (g/100 g FW) 2.768 ± 0.32d 3.086 ± 0.81c 3.121 ± 0.82c 3.173 ± 0.56c 4.105 ± 0.49b 3.995 ± 0.37b 4.323 ± 0.93a
  1. * % of total fatty acids; values are expressed as mean ± standard deviation. Values followed by different letters within each column denote a significant difference and those followed by same letters denote no significant difference at P < 0.05