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Table 1 Summary of components and pH for STPs examined in this study on a wet weight basis

From: The composition of contemporary American and Swedish smokeless tobacco products

STP Portion snus Loose snus Chewing tobacco Moist snuff Dry snuff Plug Hard pellet Soft pellet
N 22 10 13 16 5 1 2 1
Reducing sugars (%)
 Mean 0.70 0.73 13.7 0.17 0.56 12 4.35 2.1
 SD 0.17 0.22 6.60 0.08 0.48 1.06 0
Total sugars (%)
 Mean 0.63 0.70 31.6 0.13 0.5 14.9 5.05 5.4
 SD 0.20 0.19 6.10 0.04 0.62 0.92 0
Ash (%)
 Mean 16.3 13.6 11.0 16.7 21.5 12.8 21.7 13.3
 SD 3.20 0.95 1.66 0.82 1.65 0.18 1.35 0.02
Glycerol (%)
 Mean 0.05 3.43 3.1 0.47 0.09 1.69 0 0.11
 SD 0.04 1.37 1.22 1.35 0.08 0.12 0 0
Propylene Glycol (%)
 Mean 2.93 3.02 0.4 0.00 0.008 0.62 0 0
 SD 1.23 0.66 0.25 0.01 0.02 0.01 0 0
Na+ (%)
 Mean 2.56 2.32 0.7 3.15 0.274 1.46 0.04 0.17
 SD 0.64 0.32 0.08 0.37 0.40 0.03 0 0
Cl (%)
 Mean 3.63 3.53 1.4 5.41 1.31 2.45 0.37 0.27
 SD 1.24 0.60 0.17 0.35 0.36 0.03 0.04 0.01
Nicotine (mg/g)
 Mean 9.87 7.93 6.7 12.2 20.6 10.9 8.4 29.5
 SD 4.14 1.18 1.84 0.08 3.08 2.26
pH
 Mean 8.46 8.49 6.1 7.8 6.4 5.3 8.0 5.3
 SD 0.41 0.39 0.27 0.08 0.51 0.13 0.18 0.0