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Table 3 Comparisons of the proposed methods with other methods for extraction of CBZ

From: Determination of carbamazepine in urine and water samples using amino-functionalized metal–organic framework as sorbent

Methods LOD (µg L−1) LOQ (µg L−1) RSD (%) Refs.
MEPSa 1.5 5 267 [2]
Molecularly imprinted polymer 25 3.1 [13]
SBSEb 0.03 0.08 8.8 [45]
SPE/MGO-CDc < 4 11.89 5.5 [46]
SPE/graphene- silica gel 0.013 [47]
SPE/modified sulfur nanoparticles 0.0016 0.005 3.7 [48]
SPE/oasis HLB cartridges 0.002 0.5–150 0.082 [48, 49]
Zr-MOF-NH2-PT-SPE < 0.04 0.13 3.2–2.5 This study
  1. aMicro extraction in packed syringe
  2. bStir-bar sorptive extraction
  3. cMagnetic graphene oxide-cyclodextrin polymers