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Table 2 Yield and volatile composition of twelve essential oil samples of P. guineense

From: Chemical variability in the essential oil of leaves of Araçá (Psidium guineense Sw.), with occurrence in the Amazon

RI(C) RI(L) Constituents (%) PG-01 PG-02 PG-03 PG-04 PG-05 PG-06 PG-07 PG-08 PG-09 PG-10 PG-11 PG-12
848 846a (2E)-Hexenal      0.3 0.1       
850 850a (3Z)-Hexenol      0.2 0.1   0.1 0.1    
933 932a α-Pinene 35.6 26.1 17.7 13.4 34.0 26.4 2.0 0.8 1.0 1.3 0.1 0.6
946 948a α-Fenchene 0.1   0.1   0.1        
957 952a Benzaldehyde 0.3 0.5 1.1 0.8 0.9 0.6 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.1
977 974a β-Pinene 2.1 1.8 1.4 1.3 1.7 3.9 0.1      0.3
985 981a 6-methyl-5-Hepten-2-one    0.2   0.1   0.1 0.4 0.1   0.1 0.1
990 988a Myrcene 0.2 1.4 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.6 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.7 0.1 7.3
1005 1003a p-Mentha-1(7),8-diene   0.5 0.9 1.0 0.7 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.7 1.2   0.1
1016 1014a α-Terpinene   0.1   0.1   0.1       
1023 1020a p-Cymene 0.3 0.5 1.0 0.7 1.4 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.6
1028 1024a Limonene 3.7 30.7 30.4 26.5 37.2 14.0 4.3 9.6 23.4 47.4 0.3 5.4
1031 1032b 1,8-Cineole 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1   1.7 0.8
1035 1032a (Z)-β-Ocimene 0.1   0.1 0.1    0.1     0.1 0.1
1046 1044a (E)-β-Ocimene 0.1   0.2 0.1   0.1 0.8     0.1 0.1
1057 1054a γ-Terpinene 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.9    0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
1088 1086a Terpinolene 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.3    0.1    0.1
1100 1095a Linalool 0.1   0.1 0.1   0.1   0.2 0.1   0.1 0.1
1114 1114a endo-Fenchol 0.1 0.1 0.1   0.1 0.1       
1116 1113b 4,8-dimethyl-(E)-Nona-1,3,7-triene 0.1   0.1          
1120 1122b trans-p-Mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol    0.1 0.1 0.1        
1125 1122a α-Campholenal 0.1   0.1   0.1 0.1       
1130 1131b Limona ketone         1.6     
1134 1133a cis-p-Mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol      0.1    0.1 0.1    0.1
1138 1136a trans-p-Menth-2-en-1ol             0.1
1139 1135a trans-Pinocarveol 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.2      
1148 1145a Camphene hydrate 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2       
1161 1165b Hydrocinnamaldehyde    0.9 1.5 0.5        
1166 1165a Borneol 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3       
1177 1174a Terpinen-4-ol 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3    0.1    
1186 1187a trans-p-Mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol   0.1     0.1   0.4 0.2    
1187 1189a trans-Isocarveol    0.4   0.2        
1191 1186a α-Terpineol 1.0 0.6 1.3 0.4 1.0 1.7 0.2 0.2 0.1   0.1 0.1
1218 1215a trans-Carveol    0.2   0.1 0.1   0.1 0.1    
1221 1218a endo-Fenchyl acetate 0.7 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.7       
1226 1227a cis-p-Mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol    0.4   0.2 0.1   0.3 0.1    
1243 1239a Carvone    0.1      0.1 0.1    
1267 1261a cis-Chrysanthenyl acetate   0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.4       0.1
1286 1287a Bornyl acetate 1.5 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.9 1.5 0.1      0.1
1300 1298a trans-Pinocarvyl acetate 1.5 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.8 1.6       
1324 1322a Methyl geranate   0.2 0.6 0.6 0.4   0.3 0.3 0.9 2.0 0.3  
1326 1324a Myrtenyl acetate 0.1      0.2       
1336 1335a δ-Elemene 0.2 0.1    0.1 0.1   0.1   2.3   
1338 1339a trans-Carvyl acetate    0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1       
1364 1359a Neryl acetate 0.1 0.1 0.1    0.1       
1367 1369a Cyclosativene 0.1   0.1 0.1         
1378 1374a α-Copaene 8.1 6.2 8.1 7.2 3.0 3.7 4.2 4.7 2.5   1.1 0.3
1383 1379a Geranyl acetate 0.1 1.1 1.0 1.7 0.6 0.8 0.2 0.2 1.9 0.5 0.8  
1401 1401a iso-Italicene        0.5 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.1  
1406 1405a Sesquithujene        0.1   0.1   0.1  
1412 1410a α-Cedrene        0.8 0.8 1.0 0.4 0.5  
1416 1407a Acora-3,7(14)-diene        0.9 0.6 1.0 0.5   
1423 1417a β-Caryophyllene 6.1 2.8 0.1 0.1 0.8 5.2 1.4   1.0 0.9 1.1 24.0
1426 1419a β-Cedrene        0.1 0.3 0.1   0.1  
1431 1430a β-Copaene        0.2 0.2 0.2   0.1 0.1
1435 1434a γ-Elemene             0.2
1436 1432a trans-α-Bergamotene        0.3 0.3 0.3   0.2  
1436 1435b Perillyl acetate 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1    0.2 0.4   
1440 1439a Aromadendrene 0.2 0.1   0.2   0.2 0.2 0.2     
1441 1439a Phenyl ethyl but-2-anoate             0.4
1444 1440a (Z)-β-Farnesene        0.2      
1444 1442a Guaia-6,9-diene         0.3     
1447 1445a epi-β-Santalene        0.1   0.1   0.1  
1452 1449a Amorpha-4,11-diene        0.3   0.3    
1452 1453a Geranyl acetone    0.1         0.2  
1455 1452a α-Humulene 0.9 0.7 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.9 0.4   0.1   0.2 2.8
1458 1454a (E)-β-Farnesene        1.0 0.1 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.1
1460 1457a β-Santalene        1.2   1.1 0.5 0.5  
1461 1460a allo-Aromadendrene 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1       
1464 1464a α-Acoradiene        1.3 1.1 1.3 0.6 0.7  
1467 1469a β-Acoradiene        0.4 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.2  
1471 1471a 4,5-di-epi-Aristolochene     0.1   0.1 0.1 0.1     0.1
1474 1474a 10-epi-β-Acoradiene        0.4 0.3 0.4   0.2  
1477 1475a γ-Gurjunene   0.3     0.3       
1477 1476a β-Chamigrene             1.0
1479 1478a γ-Muurolene    0.4 0.8 0.1   0.3 0.5 0.2   0.1  
1479 1481a γ-Curcumene        0.4   1.1 0.8 0.7  
1482 1479a ar -Curcumene        5.0 4.6 2.5 0.6 1.6 0.1
1486 1481a γ-Himachalene 1.0 0.9          0.4  
1488 1488a β-Selinene 0.7 0.8 1.0 3.8 0.5 3.2 3.0 3.7 0.1    3.2
1495 1493a α-Zingiberene          0.4 0.3 0.7  
1497 1498a α-Selinene    0.9 3.7 0.3 2.7 4.3 2.4     3.2
1502 1500a α-Muurolene 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.2   0.1 0.2
1502 1506a (Z)-α-Bisabolene 0.1       0.8 0.3 1.0 0.7 0.6 0.1
1509 1505a (E,E)-α-Farnesene             2.6
1509 1511a δ-Amorphene     0.4         
1510 1508b β-Bisabolene 0.1       8.9 4.0 6.4 5.2 4.0  
1512 1514a β-Curcumene        2.0 0.1 3.6 2.9 2.5  
1516 1513a γ-Cadinene 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.2 2.9 0.5     0.2
1516 1514a (Z)-γ-Bisabolene        0.9   1.1 1.0 1.0  
1519 1520a 7-epi-α-Selinene     0.1   0.1       0.1
1522 1524a δ-Cadinene 1.0 1.9 1.7 2.6 0.3 0.7   0.8 2.7 1.9   0.7
1525 1521a β-Sesquiphellandrene            1.8  
1532 1529a (E)-γ-Bisabolene        2.7   2.3 2.0 1.4 0.1
1534 1533a trans-Cadina-1,4-diene 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1   0.1       
1534 1536a Italicene ether        0.2 0.5 0.2   0.5  
1539 1540a 10-epi-cis-Dracunculifoliol        0.1 0.4 0.1    
1543 1540b (E)-α-Bisabolene        0.8   0.6 0.4 0.4  
1543 1545a Selina-3,7(11)-diene             0.8
1544 1544a α-Calacorene    0.2 0.3 0.1 0.3   0.7     
1559 1559a Germacrene B       0.1    1.1    0.4
1565 1561a E-Nerolidol 0.3 0.1 0.4 0.2   0.1 1.0 1.3   0.9 2.2 0.2
1570 1571a Caryolan-8-ol             0.4
1572 1570a Caryophyllenyl alcohol 0.3      0.2       
1579 1578b ar-Tumerol        0.3 0.6 0.1    
1580 1577a Spathulenol 0.7       0.4 0.6     
1584 1590a Globulol   0.1   0.4         
1585 1586a Gleenol    0.3          
1586 1582a Caryophyllene oxide 2.5 0.7    0.6 2.7 1.0   0.3   1.2 14.1
1589 1590a β-Copaen-4-α-ol    0.5 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.8     
1594 1592a Viridiflorol 0.2 0.9 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3    0.2 0.3
1596 1595a Cubeban-11-ol        0.1 0.2     
1599 1600a Guaiol             0.5
1601 1600a Cedrol        0.4 0.4 0.5   0.8  
1609 1619a (Z)-8-hydroxy-Linalool        0.9 0.7 0.1    
1611 1613b Humulene Epoxide 0.4 0.1 0.1   0.1        1.0
1615 1613b Copaborneol      0.4        
1617 1618a 1,10-di-epi-Cubenol      0.2        1.7
1625 1622a 10-epi-γ-Eudesmol        1.3 1.0 1.7 0.7 2.1  
1630 1627a epi-Cubenol        1.5 3.4 0.7 0.5   
1631 1632a α-Acorenol        1.5 1.1 1.8 1.2 4.3  
1632 1630a Muurola-4,10(14)-dien-1-β-ol 5.8 2.4 3.6 2.3 1.6 2.6       
1635 1636a β-Acorenol        0.4 0.5 0.3   0.8  
1637 1636a Gossonorol        1.0 1.6 0.5 0.3 1.1  
1639 1638a Caryophylla-4(12),8(13)-dien-5β-ol 1.3 0.3    0.3 2.1       1.5
1639 1642b Caryophylla -4(12),8(13)-dien-5α-ol 3.1            
1641 1638a epi-α-Cadinol 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 0.6 1.3 1.1 1.6 0.4 0.8 1.4  
1645 1640a epi-α-Murrolol 1.1 0.9      1.2   0.3    2.6
1646 1640a Hinesol        0.6 1.8 0.7 0.4 1.1  
1649 1644a α-Muurolol    1.2 1.1 0.4 0.8    1.1 1.0 1.6 3.1
1653 1649a β-Eudesmol     0.1   0.1 0.2 0.1     0.7
1654 1652a α-Cadinol 1.8 2.0 1.8       0.5 0.4 2.4  
1655 1651a Pogostol        3.8 4.8   0.1   
1659 1658a Selin-11-en-4α-ol     4.2   3.7       4.4
1659 1668b Intermedeol     0.2         0.5
1660 1656a α-Bisabolol Oxide B            2.3  
1671 1670a epi -β-Bisabolol        8.1 6.5 9.5 8.2 18.1  
1674 1674a β-Bisabolol        2.9 1.9 3.6 3.9 5.6  
1675 1671a 14-hydroxy-9-epi-β-Caryophyllene 1.4      0.7       1.3
1677 1675a Cadalene       0.1   0.6     
1678 1674a Helifolenol A         0.6 0.2    
1680 1679a Khusinol    0.3 0.2         
1685 1683a epi-α-Bisabolol        1.0 0.8 1.3 1.2 2.5  
1687 1685a α-Bisabolol        2.8 4.0 2.6 2.2 3.4  
1692 1692a Acorenone             0.2
1696 1696b Juniper camphor             0.8
1698 1700a Eudesm-7(11)-en-4-ol        0.1      0.1
1714 1713a (2E,6Z)-Farnesal 0.2 1.3 1.5 2.7 0.2     1.0 0.4 2.8  
1721 1722a (2Z,6E)-Farnesol    3.7 4.6 0.2        0.1
1722 1724a (2E,6E)-Farnesol 0.4 2.2     1.1   0.2 0.9 0.3 4.9  
1741 1740a (2E,6E)-Farnesal 0.3 1.9 2.1 3.6 0.4    0.7 1.4 0.6 3.8  
1751 1751a Xanthorrhizol        0.1 0.1     
1757 1753a Isobaeckeol         0.2     
1767 1768a β-Bisabolenal   0.1 0.2 0.2        0.1  
1841 1832b Farnesyl acetate 0.1 0.3 0.2     0.1      
1843 1845a (2E,6E)-Farnesyl acetate     0.7   0.1 0.1   0.1   0.1  
1962 1958a Geranyl benzoate   0.1 0.1 0.2      0.2   0.1  
Monoterpenes hydrocarbons 42.9 61.6 54.0 45.5 76.9 48.1 7.8 11.0 26.4 51.1 0.9 14.6
Oxygenated monoterpenes 6.6 3.9 7.5 4.7 6.5 8.8 1.9 4.5 3.9 2.8 3.2 1.4
Sesquiterpene hydrocarbons 19.5 14.6 14.0 21.1 5.6 18.6 46.7 28.0 34.3 21.3 20.7 40.1
Oxygenated sesquiterpenes 21.8 15.1 17.8 22.5 5.2 15.9 31.2 36.5 30.2 23.0 63.5 33.6
Others 0.3 1.8 2.1 2.4 1.9 0.8 0.4 0.9 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.8
Total (%) 91.1 97.0 95.4 96.2 96.1 92.2 88.0 80.9 95.3 99.0 88.9 90.5
Yield of oil (%) 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2
  1. Italic: main constituents above 5%
  2. RI(C) retention time calculated; RI(L) retention time of literature
  3. a Adams [20]
  4. b Mondello [18]