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Table 2 HMF concentrations in different food products

From: 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) levels in honey and other food products: effects on bees and human health

Food type HMF concentrations (mg/kg) Detection method Country References
Must syrup 3500–11,000 GC–MS Spain [147]
Molasses 100
Sugarcane syrup 100–300
Palm syrup < 3
Prunes 237 HPLC Norway [73]
Dark bear 13.3
Canned peaches 5.8
Raisins 5.0
Balsamic vinegar 316–3250 HPLC Italy [171]
  1. GC–MS gas chromatography–mass spectrometry, HPLC high performance liquid chromatography