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Table 3 Biological activities and compounds of sunflower seed and sprout

From: A review of phytochemistry, metabolite changes, and medicinal uses of the common sunflower seed and sprouts (Helianthus annuus L.)

Biological activities Biological compounds
Antioxidant effects tocopherols, l-ascorbic acid, antioxidant enzymes catalase, glutathione dehydrogenase, guaiacol peroxidase, glutathione reductase, carotenoids
Antimicrobial activity tannins, saponins, glycosides, alkaloids, phenolic compounds
Antidiabetic effects chlorogenic acid, glycosides, phytosterols, caffeic acid, quinic acid
Antihypertensive effects 11S globulin peptides
Anti-inflammatory activity α-tocopherol, triterpene glycosides, helianthosides
Wounds healing linoleic acid, arachidonic acid