Skip to main content

Table 1 Chemical constituents identified from sunflower family (Asteraceae)

From: A review of phytochemistry, metabolite changes, and medicinal uses of the common sunflower seed and sprouts (Helianthus annuus L.)

Flavonoids Skeleton 3 5 7 3′ 4′ Refs
Kaempferol [1-4] OH OH OH H OH [35]
Apigenin [1-3] H OH OH H OH [35]
Dihydroflavonol [1-7] OH H H H H [35]
Genistein [1-6] OH OH H OH [35]
Genistin [1-5] OH Oglc H OH [35]
Daidzein [1-5] H OH H OH [35]
Daidzin [1-5] H Oglc H OH [35]
Biochanin A [1-5] OH OH H OCH3 [35]
Formononetin [1-5] H OH H OCH3 [35]
Luteolin [1-3] H OH OH OH OH [35]
Quercetin [1-4] OH OH OH OH OH [35]
Phenolic acids   R1 R2 R3 R4   [33]
 3-O-caffeoylquinic acid (3-CQA) [1-8, 1-10] H C H H   [33]
 5-O-caffeoylquinic acid (5-CQA) [1-8, 1-10] H H H C   [33]
 4-O-caffeoylquinic acid (4-CQA) [1-8, 1-10] H H C H   [33]
 5-O-p-coumaroylquinic acid [1-8, 1-9] H H H pCo   [33]
 5-O-feruloylquinic acid [1-8, 1-11] H H H F   [33]
 3,4-Di-o-caffeoylquinic acid (3,4-diCQA) [1-8, 1-10] H C C H   [33]
 3,5-Di-o-caffeoylquinic acid (3,5-diCQA) [1-8, 1-10] H C H C   [33]
 4,5-Di-o-caffeoylquinic acid (4,5-diCQA) [1-8, 1-10] H H C C   [33]
  1. Oglc, glucosyl; pCo, p-coumaroyl