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Table 2 Umbelliferone and herniarin content in chamomile extracts

From: Comparison of various techniques for the extraction of umbelliferone and herniarin in Matricaria chamomilla processing fractions

Analysed variable/sample SFE Recovery (%) Extraction method Hydrodistillation
Soxhlet Recovery (%) Maceration (with 50% ethanol) Recovery (%)
mg umbelliferone/100 g
 Unprocessed chamomile flowers first class 0.00a 98.70 0.50 ± 0.02a 98.64 5.59 ± 0.05a 98.58 nda
 Processed chamomile flowers first class 0.33 ± 0.00b 98.32 0.00b 100.82 4.78 ± 0.15b 97.45 nda
 Processing waste 0.02 ± 0.00a 97.91 0.85 ± 0.03a 96.36 11.80 ± 0.17c 98.33 nda
 Pulvis 0.32 ± 0.02b 102.38 0.13 ± 0.02c 98.82 5.26 ± 0.14a 103.42 nda
mg herniarin/100 g
 Unprocessed chamomile flowers first class 13.08 ± 1.78a 103.9 37.66 ± 5.46a 98.1 47.45 ± 5.11a 102.8 <LODa
 Processed chamomile flowers first class 37.05 ± 6.29b 100.2 20.22 ± 2.28b 93.5 45.54 ± 4.16a 104.0 <LODa
 Processing waste 2.71 ± 0.12c 90.8 41.18 ± 2.59a 103.6 82.79 ± 3.26b 97.6 <LODa
 Pulvis 15.57 ± 2.87b 90.6 5.63 ± 0.75c 95.8 20.81 ± 0.00c 103.1 <LODa
  1. Data are expressed as mean value of replication (n) ±SD
  2. The same letter in the same column of analysed variable indicates no significant differences (Duncan’s test, p < 0.05)
  3. nd, not detected; <LOD, below limit of detection