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Table 3 Citric acid plant closures until 2010

From: Citric acid: emerging applications of key biotechnology industrial product

Continent Country Company City Capacity (t) Year of closure Feedstock
Europe France Jungbunzlauer Marckolsheim 40,000 2001 Wheat, maize
Europe Ireland ADM Ringaskiddy 40,000 2005 Molasses
Europe Spain Ebro Cortes 5000 1991 Beet molasses
Europe UK Tate & Lyle Selby 25,000 2007 Molasses
America Mexico Tate & Lyle Cuernavaca 22,000 2003 Molasses
America US Haarman & Reimer (Bayer) Elkhardt 40,000 1998 Maize starch
Asia China DSM Wuxi 40,000 2009 Maize starch
Asia India Citric India Mumbai 3000 1997 Cane molasses
Asia India Citrugia biochemicals Surat 6300 2003 Cane molasses
Asia India Gujarat State fertiliser & chemicals Baroda 12,000 2004 Cane molasses
World     233,300