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Table 6 Comparison of measured concentrations of the studied estrogens in wastewater samples (in ng L−1)

From: Analysis of steroid hormones and their conjugated forms in water and urine by on-line solid-phase extraction coupled to liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry

Estrogens Present study a c e f g h
WW Eff WW Eff WW Eff WW Eff WW Eff WW Eff WW Eff
E3-3S <41 <6.3 NA <0.3 6.5–333 0.6–160 <1.6 <0.42 NA NA 14 14 NA NA
E2-17G <51 <21 NA <3.1 ND ND <1.7 <0.52 NA NA <3 <3 NA NA
E2-17S <28 <3.3 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
E1-3S <76 <27 NA 0.3–2.2 1.2–170 ND–42 2.9 3.9 10 12 25 25 NA NA
E2-3S <13 <5.3 NA <0.2–1.0 3.2–957 ND–94 <1.1 <0.22 NA NA 3.3 3.3 NA NA
E3 <52 <10 NA NA ND–660 ND–275 100 ND 50 1.0 33–187 0.43–18 74–234 46–175
E2 <14 <9.5 NA NA ND–162 ND–158 2 ND 5.0 0.7 4–25 0.55–3.3 ND–74 ND–51
E1 <26 <9.7 NA 2.5–34 ND–670 ND–147 100 5 15 3.0 25–132 2.5–82 ND–376 ND–42
EE2 <62 <25 NA NA NA NA 15 5 1.2 1.0 0.43–13 ND–1 ND ND
  1. Concentrations in ng L−1
  2. NA not analyzed
  3. ND not detected
  4. Eff effluent
  5. WW wastewater
  6. a Isobe et al. [44], 1000 mL volume sample
  7. c Liu et al. [1], no information about volume sample
  8. e Gentili et al. [37], 2000 mL river, 250 mL effluent and 100 wastewater volume sample
  9. f Koh et al. [38], 1000 mL volume sample
  10. g Baronti et al. [15], 400 mL wastewater and 150 mL wastewater volume sample
  11. h Fayad [39], 10 mL volume sample