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Table 1 The results of the synthesis of tartaric esters

From: Development of tartaric esters as bifunctional additives of methanol-gasoline

Esters Tartaric acid : alcohol Method Yield (%)
Methyl tartaric 1: 30 A 70.9
Ethyl tartaric 1: 30 A 71.1
Propyl tartaric 1: 30 A 76.5
Butyl tartaric 1: 5 B 77.6
Amyl tartaric 1: 5 B 64.5
Hexyl tartaric 1: 5 B 60.2
Hepyl tartaric 1: 5 B 72.1
Octyl tartaric 1: 5 B 71.5
Decyl tartaric 1: 5 B 72.2