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Table 4 Minimum inhibitory concentration (mg/ml) of F. benjamina against bacterial and fungal strains

From: Chemical composition and Biological studies of Ficus benjamina

Microbial strains Plant extracts and fractions MIC as mg/ml
   Stem Root Leaves
Bacillus Cerus Methanol 1.03 ± 0.03f 0.96 ± 0.04f 1.02 ± 0.02f
n-butanol 1.79 ± 0.15bc 1.49 ± 0.02de 1.54 ± 0.02cde
Chloroform 2.16 ± 0.30a 1.75 ± 0.01bcd 1.74 ± 0.02bcd
Ethyl acetate 1.78 ± 0.15bc 1.92 ± 0.03ab 0.99 ± 0.01f
n-hexane 1.41 ± 0.15e 1.54 ± 0.03cde 1.59 ± 0.01cde
Ampiciline 1.03 ± 0.05f 0.5 ± 0.01g 0.46 ± 0.03g
Pseudomonas aerugonisa Methanol 2.11 ± 0.10cd 2.01 ± 0.01cde 0.54 ± 0.02gh
n-butanol 0.83 ± 0.06g 2.97 ± 0.05a 0.77 ± 0.01gh
Chloroform 2.49 ± 0.38b 1.75 ± 0.03ef 0.86 ± 0.03g
Ethyl acetate 2.18 ± 0.19bc 1.88 ± 0.06cde 1.95 ± 0.03cde
n-hexane 3.10 ± 0.08a 1.70 ± 0.06ef 1.55 ± 0.03f
Ampiciline 1.85 ± 0.06de 0.48 ± 0.01h 0.48 ± 0.01h
Escherichia coli Methanol 1.94 ± 0.07c 0.26 ± 0.01i 0.28 ± 0.02i
n-butanol 0.88 ± 0.07d 0.76 ± 0.01def 0.73 ± 0.02d-g
Chloroform 3.16 ± 0.16b 0.88 ± 0.01d 0.47 ± 0.02ghi
1Ethyl acetate ` 0.94 ± 0.03d 0.52 ± 0.02f-i
n-hexane 6.51 ± 0.29a 0.81 ± 0.01de 0.42 ± 0.02hi
Ampiciline 0.34 ± 0.06hi 0.27 ± 0.01i 0.26 ± 0.01i
Bacillus subtilis Methanol 1.84 ± 0.13b 0.58 ± 0.04hij 0.55 ±0.02hij
n-butanol 0.65 ± 0.06gh 0.78 ± 0.02fgh 1.5 ± 0.01cd
Chloroform 1.25 ± 0.31de 3.44 ± 0.05a 1.68 ± 0.02bc
Ethyl acetate 0.95 ± 0.04ef 1.92 ± 0.07b 0.95 ± 0.04efg
n-hexane 3.42 ± 0.30a 3.18 ± 0.09a 1.61 ± 0.02bc
Ampiciline 0.41 ± 0.09ij 0.99 ± 0.01ef 0.28 ± 0.01j
Aspergillus niger Methanol 0.52 ± 0.006f 0.27 ± 0.006i 0.52 ± 0.02fg
n-butanol 0.74 ± 0.006e 0.77 ± 0.009de 0.81 ± 0.03cd
Chloroform 0.9 ± 0.006c 0.84 ± 0.023c 0.46 ± 0.02h
Ethyl acetate 0.98 ± 0.006a 0.54 ± 0.021f 0.94 ± 0.03a
n-hexane 0.83 ± 0.006c 0.84 ± 0.015c 0.77 ±0.01de
Terbinafine 0.49 ± 0.006g 0.28 ± 0.015i 0.27 ± 0.02i
Candida albicans Methanol 0.52 ± 0.009f 0.27 ± 0.009i 0.51 ± 0.023f
n-butanol 0.73 ± 0.006e 0.77 ± 0.012d 0.81 ± 0.035c
Chloroform 0.89 ± 0.019b 0.84 ± 0.019c 0.45 ±0.009h
Ethyl acetate 0.97 ± 0.006a 0.54 ± 0.024f 0.94 ± 0.020a
n-hexane 0.83 ± 0.009c 0.84 ± 0.019c 0.77 ± 0.015d
  Terbinafine 0.49 ± 0.007g 0.27 ± 0.018i 0.27 ± 0.012i
  1. Values are means ± SD of three separate experiments (p < 0.05). Letters in superscript show the significance of the results against a single strain and among various parts. Ampiciline and Terbinafine were used as standards for bacteria and fungi, respectively.