Skip to main content

Table 3 Antimicrobial analyses of F. benjamina against bacterial and fungal strains by disc diffusion assay

From: Chemical composition and Biological studies of Ficus benjamina

Microbial strains Plant extracts and fractions Diameter of inhibition Zone in mm
   Stem Root Leaves
Bacillus cerus Methanol 22.5 ± 0.87b 16.88 ± 0.36ef 12.00 ± 0.29gh
n-butanol 22.25 ± 0.72b 17.73 ± 0.16e 19.50 ± 0.29cd
Chloroform 12 ± 0.58gh 15.63 ± 0.22f 10.75 ± 0.14hi
Ethyl acetate 17 ± 0.58ef 16.88 ± 0.07ef 10.00 ± 0.58i
n-hexane 11.25 ± 0.72hi 12.99 ± 0.02g 6.50 ± 0.29j
Ampiciline 24.6 ± 0.66a 18.25 ± 0.43de 20.75 ± 0.72c
Pseudomonas aerugonisa Methanol 23.5 ± 0.29a 16.75 ± 0.43de 12.04 ± 0.31fg
n-butanol 22 ± 0.87b 17.23 ± 0.13d 19.13 ± 0.07c
Chloroform 12.25 ± 0.72fg 15.88 ± 0.36e 10.5 ± 0.29h
Ethyl acetate 16.75 ± 0.72de 17.13 ± 0.22de 10.25 ± 0.43h
n-hexane 11 ± 0.58gh 13.09 ± 0.10f 7.50 ± 0.29i
Ampiciline 24.38 ± 0.79a 17.75 ± 0.14d 20.25 ± 0.43c
Escherichia coli Methanol 22.63 ± 0.22b 16.47 ± 0.59ef 11.75 ± 0.14h
n-butanol 22.75 ± 0.43b 16.23 ± 0.71ef 18.25 ± 0.43c
Chloroform 11.57 ± 0.33h 15.63 ± 0.22f 11.58 ± 0.33h
Ethyl acetate 16.88 ± 0.65de 16.88 ± 0.07de 10.00 ± 0.58i
n-hexane 10.61 ± 0.35hi 13.34 ± 0.24g 6.50 ± 0.29j
Ampiciline 24.65 ± 0.64a 17.87 ± 0.71ef 18.75 ± 0.43c
Bacillus subtilis Methanol 22.5 ± 0.29b 16.43 ± 0.62e 12.08 ± 0.29f
n-butanol 22.83 ± 0.39b 16.34 ± 0.64e 18.50 ± 0.29c
Chloroform 12 ± 0.58f 15.75 ± 0.29e 12.13 ± 0.65f
Ethyl acetate 16.63 ± 0.79de 16.5 ± 0.14de 10.50 ± 0.29g
n-hexane 10.5 ± 0.29g 12.96 ± 0.02f 7.13 ± 0.07h
Ampiciline 24.45 ± 0.75a 17.75 ± 0.14cd 20 ± 0.51c
Aspergillus niger Methanol 19.25 ± 0.43c 14.60 ± 0.23e 12.11 ± 0.29f
n-butanol 21.13 ± 0.51b 14.98 ± 0.27e 19.50 ± 0.29c
Chloroform 11.7 ± 0.40f 17.15 ± 0.66d 10.38 ± 0.36g
Ethyl acetate 16.62 ± 0.22d 16.38 ± 0.22d 10.50 ± 0.29g
n-hexane 10.25 ± 0.14g 14.70 ± 0.40e 7.63 ± 0.36h
Terbinafine 24.38 ± 0.79a 16.75 ± 0.43d 20.25 ± 0.43bc
Candida albicans Methanol 18.75 ± 0.72de 14.88 ± 0.07h 12.15 ± 0.37i
n-butanol 21.38 ± 0.36b 15.23 ± 0.13h 19.75 ± 0.43cd
Chloroform 11.88 ± 0.51ij 17.44 ± 0.83ef 10.62 ± 0.22jk
Ethyl acetate 16.88 ± 0.07fg 16.13 ± 0.36gh 10.38 ± 0.36k
n-hexane 10.63 ± 0.36jk 14.95 ± 0.55h 7.88 ± 0.51l
  Terbinafine 24.5 ± 0.72a 16.92 ± 0.33fg 20.25 ± 0.43bc
  1. Values are means ± SD of three separate experiments (p < 0.05). Letters in superscript show the significance of the results against a single strain and among various parts.