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Table 2 The composition (%) of fatty acid classes in total lipids and major lipid fractions from different genotypes of pot marigold seed oils

From: Fatty acid composition of lipids in pot marigold (Calendula officinalisL.) seed genotypes

Species Fatty acids (%w/w of total fatty acids)
∑ SFAs ∑ MUFAs ∑ PUFAs ∑ VLCSFAs (≥20C) ∑CLNAs PUFAs/SFAs
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
CO1            
TL 6.70d 0.25 5.75d 0.18 86.83a 2.25 0.54b 0.02 56.78a 1.76 12.96a
TAG 8.93c 0.35 6.47c 0.20 84.45a 2.30 0.46b 0.03 55.27a 1.55 9.46b
PL 26.85b 1.11 7.65b 0.22 65.50b 1.85 1.26b 0.04 4.72b 0.15 2.44c
SE 49.31a 1.68 11.14a 0.32 39.55c 1.68 23.28a 1.05 4.64b 0.12 0.80d
CO2            
TL 7.23d 0.22 5.27c 0.15 86.52a 2.30 0.67b 0.03 57.99a 1.65 11.97a
TAG 13.19c 0.30 10.89a 0.22 75.83b 2.27 1.07b 0.03 50.73b 1.38 5.75b
PL 31.01b 1.10 8.36b 0.18 60.46c 2.10 1.29b 0.05 4.38c 0.12 1.95c
SE 50.46a 1.80 10.85a 0.20 38.69d 1.50 23.30a 0.70 4.94c 0.15 0.77d
CO3            
TL 6.39d 0.19 5.85d 0.16 86.70a 2.38 0.54b 0.03 54.85a 1.32 13.56a
TAG 15.12c 0.35 11.42b 0.25 73.36b 1.95 0.60b 0.03 49.06b 1.75 4.85b
PL 25.20b 0.80 8.26c 0.18 66.41c 1.55 1.22b 0.04 4.32c 0.11 2.64c
SE 52.44a 1.60 12.53a 0.30 35.03d 1.15 23.49a 0.56 2.69c 0.10 0.67d
CO4            
TL 7.04d 0.16 5.09d 0.15 87.08a 2.42 0.47b 0.02 58.54a 1.58 12.37a
TAG 14.29c 0.31 12.78b 0.23 72.85b 2.10 1.28b 0.03 49.53b 1.65 5.10b
PL 23.51b 0.62 9.91c 0.22 66.42c 1.60 0.99b 0.03 4.53c 0.14 2.83c
SE 49.55a 1.55 14.11a 0.35 36.34d 1.11 20.59a 0.50 3.93c 0.11 0.73d
CO5            
TL 7.03d 0.17 6.99d 0.15 84.89a 2.30 0.66b 0.04 53.35a 1.25 12.08a
TAG 13.50c 0.28 15.30a 0.32 71.13b 2.00 0.90b 0.04 46.38b 1.60 5.27b
PL 29.12b 0.88 9.22c 0.20 61.55c 1.50 1.29b 0.03 2.82c 0.12 2.11c
SE 51.20a 1.65 10.68b 0.25 38.12d 1.20 23.73a 0.65 4.60c 0.14 0.74d
CO6            
TL 7.01d 0.20 6.03d 0.18 85.98a 2.35 0.41b 0.02 56.47a 1.35 12.26a
TAG 15.04c 0.32 14.12a 0.35 70.78b 2.10 0.83b 0.03 48.18b 1.62 4.71b
PL 28.52b 0.88 9.03c 0.25 62.39c 1.60 1.06b 0.02 2.74c 0.08 2.19c
SE 51.46a 1.70 12.46b 0.34 36.08d 1.15 22.63a 0.60 3.75c 0.09 0.70d
CO7            
TL 7.27d 0.22 6.72d 0.20 85.55a 2.40 0.48b 0.02 53.63a 1.30 11.77a
TAG 13.73c 0.30 14.67a 0.33 71.52b 2.15 0.82b 0.03 46.90b 1.25 5.21b
PL 27.79b 0.80 8.74c 0.24 63.36c 1.70 1.18b 0.03 2.90c 0.10 2.28c
SE 50.58a 1.48 11.76b 0.20 37.66d 1.10 23.98a 0.70 3.77c 0.15 0.74d
CO8            
TL 7.15d 0.17 6.90d 0.18 85.61a 2.29 0.57b 0.03 51.95a 1.38 11.98a
TAG 14.11c 0.40 16.30a 0.40 69.53b 1.98 0.85b 0.04 46.16b 1.30 4.93b
PL 27.13b 0.82 10.43c 0.28 62.31c 1.50 1.13b 0.03 3.10c 0.11 2.30c
SE 55.74a 1.85 12.06b 0.32 32.20d 0.88 24.05a 0.75 4.74c 0.14 0.58d
CO9            
TL 7.04d 0.14 5.63c 0.16 86.94a 2.34 0.90b 0.03 54.80a 1.38 12.35a
TAG 10.92c 0.30 10.71a 0.31 78.27b 2.15 0.63b 0.04 50.59b 1.28 7.17b
PL 27.52b 0.72 9.04b 0.28 63.34c 1.52 1.39b 0.02 3.12c 0.06 2.30c
SE 52.96a 1.60 10.97a 0.30 36.07d 1.05 24.58a 0.65 3.69c 0.07 0.68d
CO10            
TL 6.74d 0.16 5.64c 0.14 87.22a 2.55 0.77b 0.03 54.52a 1.35 12.95a
TAG 11.47c 0.31 10.94a 0.28 77.52b 2.20 0.58b 0.03 49.59b 1.18 6.76b
PL 26.32b 0.72 8.69b 0.25 64.90c 1.55 1.04b 0.02 3.04c 0.08 2.47c
SE 54.07a 1.65 10.34a 0.26 35.59d 0.95 24.60a 0.68 3.43c 0.08 0.66d
CO11            
TL 7.34d 0.18 5.48d 0.12 86.87a 2.60 0.70b 0.03 55.93a 1.40 11.83a
TAG 11.96c 0.30 10.18b 0.25 77.77b 2.25 0.55b 0.04 50.33b 1.20 6.50b
PL 28.45b 0.70 9.49c 0.22 62.02c 1.52 1.07b 0.03 2.47c 0.08 2.18c
SE 53.90a 1.75 11.07a 0.27 35.03d 0.90 24.78a 0.80 3.19c 0.09 0.65d
  1. Values are given as mean ± SD of three samples, analyzed individually in triplicate (n = 3x3).
  2. Means in the same column followed by different subscript letters indicate significant differences (p < 0.05) among lipid classes of each genotype of pot marigold (ANOVA "Tukey's Multiple Comparison Test"). TL - total lipids, TAG- triacylglycerols, PL- polar lipids, SE- sterol esters. SFAs- saturated fatty acids, MUFAs- monounsaturated fatty acids, PUFAs- polyunsaturated fatty acids, VLCSFAs- very long chain saturated fatty acids, ∑CLNAs [18:3 (8trans, 10trans, 12cis) + 18:3 (8trans,10trans,12trans)] - conjugated linolenic acids.