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Table 8 Nuclear data and LOD of elements by INAA and IPAA (m: minutes; h: hours; d: days; y: years)

From: Deep investigation on inorganic fraction of atmospheric PM in Mediterranean area by neutron and photon activation analysis

Element Product nuclide Half life γ-Ray used (keV) LOD (g)
INAA      
Ag 110mAg 253.0 d 657.8 1×10-10
Al 28Al 2.3 m 1778.9 3×10-8
As 76As 26.3 h 559.2 1×10-12
Au 198Au 2.70 d 411.8 6×10-14
Ba 131Ba 11.5 d 496.3 2×10-10
Br 82Br 1.47 d 776.5 2×10-12
Ca 49Ca 8.8 m 3083.0 2×10-7
Cd 115mIn 53.0 h 336.6 3×10-11
Ce 141Ce 32.38 d 145.4 8×10-10
Cl 38Cl 37.3 . 1642.0 2×10-9
Co 60Co 5.272 y 1332.5 6×10-11
Cr 51Cr 27.7 d 320.0 1×10-10
Cs 134Cs 2.062 y 795.7 1×10-11
Eu 152Eu 12.7 y 1408.0 2×10-12
Fe 59Fe 45.1 d 1099.2 2×10-8
Hf 181Hf 42.4 d 482.2 2×10-11
Hg 203Hg 46.9 d 279.0 4×10-11
I 128I 25.0 m 442.7 8×10-11
K 42K 12.52 h 1524.7 2×10-10
La 140La 40.27 h 1596.2 1×10-12
Mg 27Mg 9.5 m 1014.1 2×10-8
Mn 56Mn 2.58 h 1810.7 8×10-13
Mo 99Mo 2.75 d 141.0 3×10-11
Na 24Na 15.0 h 1368.4 4×10-12
Nd 147Nd 11.1 d 531.0 1×10-11
Ni 58Co 70.78 d 810.7 6×10-9
Rb 86Rb 18.66 d 1076.7 8×10-10
Sb 122Sb 2.70 d 564.0 1×10-12
Sc 46Sc 83.85 d 889.2 2×10-12
Se 75Se 120.4 d 264.6 1×10-10
Sm 153Sm 1.948 d 103.1 6×10-13
Ta 182Ta 115 d 1221.6 1×10-11
Tb 160Tb 72.1 d 879.4 2×10-12
Th 233Pa 27.4 d 311.8 1×10-11
Ti 51Ti 5.8 m 320.0 1×10-8
U 239Np 2.35 d 228.2 5×10-12
V 52V 3.76 m 1434.4 9×10-10
W 187W 24.0 h 685.7 1×10-12
Yb 175Yb 4.21 d 396.1 1×10-12
Zn 65Zn 243.8 d 1115.5 1×10-10
IPAA      
As 76As 1.097 d 559.1 10-7
Ca 47Ca 4.536 d 1297.1 10-7
Ce 141Ce 32.5 d 145.4 10-7
Cr 51Cr 27.7 d 320.0 10-8
Cs 134Cs 2.062 y 795.9 10-8
Mn 54Mn 312.2 d 834.8 10-6
Nb 92mNb 10.15 d 934.5 10-8
Pb 204Pb 52.1 h 279.0 10-7
Sr 85Sr 64.84 d 514.0 10-6
Ti 47Sc 3.341 d 159.4 10-8
Tl 203Tl 12.0 d 440.0 10-7
Y 88Y 106.61 d 1836.1 10-7
Zr 90Zr 79.4 h 909.0 10-8
  1. LODs calculated according to ref. [36] for matrix free elements, i.e. without disturbing activities from a sample matrix.