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Table 1 155 compounds of the genus Hedysarum

From: Phytochemicals and biological studies of plants in genus Hedysarum

No. Compound class and name Source ref.
Flavones
1 4′-methoxy-7-hydroxyflavone H. polybotrys [4]
2 Narcissin H. multijugum [7]
3 Apigenin H. multijugum [7]
4 5,7-dihydroxy-4′-methoxyflavone H. scoparium [8]
5 Isorhamnetin H. setigerum [9]
6 3-O-Methylkaempferol H. setigerum [10]
7 Quercetin 3-α-L-rhamnofuranoside H. gmelinii [11]
H. neglectum [12]
8 Quercetin 3-α-L-arabinofuranoside H. gmelinii [11]
H. connatum [13]
H. alpinum [13]
9 Polystachoside (quercetin3-β-L-arabinofuranoside) H. komarovii [14]
H. sachalinense [15]
H. neglectum [12]
H. connatum [13]
H. alpinum [13]
10 Rhoifolin H. setigerum [9]
11 Linarin H. setigerum [9]
12 Diosmin H. setigerum [9]
13 Kaempferol-3-O-α-L-arabinofuranoside H. setigerum [10]
14 Rutin H. setigerum [10]
15 Neobudofficide H. setigerum [10]
16 Quercetin-3-O-β-glucopyranoside-7- O-α-rhamnofuranoside H. aericeum [16]
H. caucasium
17 Quercetin H. austrosibiricum [17]
H. aericeum [16]
H. caucasium [16]
H. setigerum [10]
H. connatum [13]
H. alpinum [13]
18 Kaempferol H. aericeum [16]
H. caucasium [16]
19 Isoquercitrin H. aericeum [16]
H. caucasium [16]
20 Hyperoside H. aericeum [16]
H. caucasium [16]
H. komarovii [14]
H. sachalinense [15]
H. neglectum [12]
H. connatum [13]
H. alpinum [13]
21 Quercitrin H. setigerum [10]
H. connatum [13]
H. alpinum [13]
Flavonones
22 Naringenin-5,7-di-O-β-D-glucopyranoside H. multijugum [7]
23 Naringin H. polybotrys [18, 19]
24 Naringenin H. polybotrys [20]
Isoflavones
25 6″-O-acetylononin H. theinum [3]
26 Ononin-6″-O-malonate H. polybotrys [19, 20]
27 Ononin H. polybotrys [18, 19]
H. polybctrys [20, 21]
H. multijugum [7]
H. kirghisorum [22, 23]
H. semenovii [24]
H. austrosibiricum [25]
28 Formononetin H. theinum [3, 26]
H. polybotrys
H. polybotrys
[19, 20]
[21, 27]
H. multijugum [28]
H. semenovii [24]
H. austrosibiricum [25]
H. kirghisorum [22, 23]
29 Calycosin H. polybctrys [21]
H. semenovii [24]
30 5,7-dihydroxy-6-C-prenyl-4′-methoxy -isoflavone (Gancaonin A) H. multijugum [29, 30]
31 5,7-dihydroxy-6,8-di-C-prenyl-4′- methoxy-isoflavone H. multijugum [29, 30]
H. scoparium [8]
32 5,7-dihydroxy-4′-methoxy-isoflavone H. multijugum [28]
H. kirghisorum [23]
33 5,7-dihydroxy-8-C-prenyl-4′-methoxy isoflavone (gancaonin M) H. multijugum [28, 30]
34 Osajin 4′-methyl ether H. scoparium [8]
35 Sissotrin H. multijugum [7, 30]
H. kirghisorum [22, 23]
36 Afromosin-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside H. semenovii [24]
37 Calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside H. semenovii [24]
38 Warangalone 4′-methyl ether H. multijugum [7]
H. scoparium [8]
39 Afrormosin H. multijugum [7]
H. kirghisorum [22, 23]
H. semenovii [24]
40 5-hydroxy-4′-methoxy-6-prenyl-2‴- hydroxyisopropylfurano [4,5:8,7]-isoflavone H. scoparium [8]
41 5-hydroxy-4′-methoxy-6-prenylfurano [4,5:6,7]-isoflavone H. scoparium [8]
42 5-hydroxy-4′-methoxy-8-prenylfurano [4,5:6,7]-isoflavone H. scoparium [8]
43 5-hydroxy-4′-methoxy-8-prenyl-2″ - hydroxyisopropyldihydrofurano [4,5:6,7]-isoflavone H. scoparium [8, 31]
44 5-hydroxy-4′-methoxy-6-prenyl-2‴ - hydroxyisopropyldihydrofurano [4,5:8,7]-isoflavone H. scoparium [8, 31]
45 5-hydroxy-4′-methoxy-8-prenyl-1″, 2″-peroxyl-3″,3″-dimethyidihydro pyrano [5,6:6,7]-isoflavone H. scoparium [8, 31]
46 5-hydroxy-4′-methoxy-6-prenyl-1‴, 2‴-peroxyl-3‴,3‴-dimethyidihydro pyrano [5,6:8,7]-isoflavone H. scoparium [8, 31]
47 3-[4-hydroxyphentl-6,7-dimetoxy-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one] H. sikkimense [32]
48 Isoformononetein H. sikkimense [32]
49 4′,6-dimethoxy-7-hydroxyisoflavone H. theinum [33]
50 Kanzonol K H. multijugum [30]
51 Formononetin 7-O-β-D-(6″-O-malonyl) -glucopyranoside H. polybotrys [34]
52 5-hydroxy-7-(2-hydroxyisopropyl)-4′- methoxy-9-prenylfurano [3,2-g]isoflavone H. scoparium [35]
53 5-hydroxy-4′-methoxy-9-prenylfurano [3,2-g]isoflavone H. scoparium [35]
54 5-hydroxy-4′-methoxy-7-prenylfurano [2,3-h]isoflavone H. scoparium [35]
55 8-hydroxydaidzein H. theinum [3]
Chalcones
56 Isoliquiritigenin H. polybctrys [21, 27]
57 Hedysarumine A H. gmelinii [36]
58 Hedysarumine B H. gmelinii [36]
59 Paratocarpin E H. gmelinii [36]
Flavanols
60 (-)-catechin H. theinum [3]
61 (-)-epicatechin H. theinum [3]
H. kirghisorum [22, 23]
62 (-)-epigallocatechin H. kirghisorum [22, 23]
63 (-)-vestitol H. theinum [3, 26]
64 Plumbocatechin H. kirghisorum [22, 23]
Xanthones
65 Mangiferin H. aericeum [16]
H. caucasium [16]
H. flavescens [37]
H. alpinum [37]
H. denticulatum [38]
H. komarovii [14]
H. sachalinense [15]
H. neglectum [12]
H. connatum [13]
H. alpinum [13]
66 Isomangiferin H. flavescens [37]
H. alpinum [37]
H. denticulatum [38]
H. connatum [13]
H. alpinum [13]
67 Glucomangiferin H. flavescens [39]
68 Glucoisomangiferin H. flavescens [39]
Pterocarpans
69 (-)-medicarpin H. theinum [3, 26]
H. polybotrys [6, 20]
H. Semenovii [40]
70 1,7-dihydroxy-3.9-dimethoxy pterocarpene H. multijugum [28]
71 Demethylhedysarimpterocarpene A H. multijugum [30]
72 1,3-dihydroxy-9-methoxypterocarpene H. multijugum [30]
73 Hedysarimpterocarpene A H. multijugum [30]
74 7-hydroxyhedysarimpterocarpene B H. multijugum [30]
75 1,7-dihydroxy-3,9-dimethoxy-10-(3- methylbut-2-enyl)-pterocarpene H. multijugum [30]
76 1,7-dihydroxy-3,9-dimethoxy-8-(3- methylbut-2-enyl)-pterocarpene H. multijugum [30]
77 hedysarimpterocarpene B H. multijugum [30, 41]
H. polybotrys [42]
78 3-hydroxy-9-methoxy pterocarpan H. polybotrys [4, 27]
H. taipeicum [43]
H. semenovii [40]
H. gmelinii [44]
79 Hedysarimpterocarpene C H. multijugum [41]
H. polybotrys [42]
Triterpennoids
80 Lupeol H. polybotrys [4]
H. scoparium [8]
H. sikkimense [32]
H. gmelinii [44]
81 12-hydroxylupeol H. scoparium [8]
82 Betulinic acid H. Polybctrys [45]
H. multijugum [28]
H. Semenovii [40]
83 Ursolic acid H. sikkimense [32]
84 Soyasapogenol H. gmelinii [44]
85 SoyasaponinIImethyl ester H. polybotrys [5, 46]
H. polybotrys [18]
H. multijugum [47]
86 SoyasaponinI H. polybotrys [5, 46]
H. polybotrys [18]
H. multijugum [47]
87 SoyasaponinII H. polybotrys [5, 46]
H. polybctrys [18]
H. multijugum [47]
88 Soyasaponin Bg H. multijugum [47]
89 Squasapogenol H. gmelinii [44]
90 Dehydrosoyasaponin I H. polybotrys [5, 46]
H. polybctrys [48]
91 Polybosaponin A H. polybctrys [48]
Coumarins
92 Aureol H. multijugum [30, 49]
93 Hedysarimcoumestan E H. multijugum [30, 49]
94 Hedysarimcoumestan B H. multijugum [30, 49]
95 Hedysarimcoumestan A H. multijugum [30, 49]
96 Hedysarimcoumestan F H. multijugum [30, 49]
97 Hedysarimcoumestan D H. multijugum [30, 49]
98 Hedysarimcoumestan G H. multijugum [30, 49]
99 Hedysarimcoumestan H H. multijugum [30, 49]
100 Hedysarimcoumestan C H. multijugum [49]
101 Methylhedysarimcoumestan H H. multijugum [30]
102 1,3,9-trimethoxycoumestan H. multijugum [49]
103 3,9-dihydroxy coumestan H. gmelinii [44]
Lignanoids
104 (+) syringaresinol H. polybotrys [27]
105 (+)-isolariciresinyl-9′-O-β-D-glucopyranoside H. setigerum [50]
Alkaloids
106 Guanosine H. semenovii [40]
107 Docosanooic acid-2,3- dihydroxyproyl ester H. sikkimense [32]
108 Protocatechoic acid H. theinum [3]
109 Tryptophane H. polybctrys [18]
110 Sparaginic acid H. austrosibiricum [25]
111 Hypaphorine H. polybctrys [18]
112 Berberine H. setigerum [50]
Sterols
113 Stigmasterol H. multijugum [29]
114 Daucosterol H. polybotrys [4, 27]
H. semenovii [40]
H. scoparium [8]
H. austrosibiricum [17]
115 β-sitosterol H. polybotrys [4, 27]
H. multijugum [28]
H. taipeicum [43]
H. scoparium [8]
H. austrosibiricum [17]
H. sikkimense [32]
H. gmelinii [44]
116 7β-hydroxysitosterol H. scoparium [8]
117 7α-hydroxysitosterol H. scoparium [8]
Carbohydrates
118 Rhamnose H. polybctrys [7, 51]
119 Arabinose H. polybctrys [7, 51]
120 Xylose H. polybctrys [7, 51]
121 Galactose H. polybctrys [7, 51]
122 Glucose H. polybctrys [7, 51]
123 Sucrose H. polybctrys [45]
H. taipeicum [43]
H. austrosibiricum [17]
H. sikkimense [32]
Fatty compounds
124 η-hexacosanoic acid (Cerinic acid) H. polybctrys [4, 27]
H. taipeicum [43]
125 η-tetracosanoic acid H. polybctrys [27]
H. multijugum [29]
H. scoparium [8]
H. taipeicum [43]
H. sikkimense [32]
H. theinum [26]
126 Trioleic glyceride H. polybctrys [27]
127 Glycerol monopalmitate H. polybctrys [27]
128 Behenic H. theinum [26]
129 Palmitic acid H. theinum [26]
H. gmelinii [44]
130 Linoleic acid H. theinum [26]
131 Oleic acid H. theinum [26]
132 Hexacosyl acetate H. taipeicum [43]
133 Hexadecanoic acid 2,3-dihydroxypropyl ester H. gmelinii [44]
134 Triacontyl alcohol H. multijugum [29]
135 n-tetracosanol H. scoparium [8]
Benzofuran
136 EbenfuranII H. multijugum [30]
137 HedysarimbenzofuranB H. multijugum [30, 52]
138 AndinermalC H. multijugum [30]
139 2-(2,4,6-trihydroxypheny)-3-formyl-4- hydroxy-5-methoxy-6 (3-methyl-but-2- enyl) benzofuran H. multijugum [30]
140 2-(2,6-dihydroxy-4-methoxypheny)-4- hydroxy-3-(hydroxymethyl)-5/6-metho xy-6/5-(3-methyl-but-2-enyl)benzofuran H. multijugum [30]
141 2-(2,6-dihydroxy-4-methoxypheny)-3- formyl-4-hydroxy-5/6-methoxy-6/5-(3-methyl-but-2-enyl)benzofuran H. multijugum [30]
142 2-(2-hydroxy-4,6-dimethoxyphenyl)-3-formyl-4-hydroxy-5/6-methoxy-6/5-(3-methyl-but-2-enyl)benzofuran H. multijugum [30]
143 Hedysarimbenzofuran A H. multijugum [30, 52]
144 5-hydroxy-2-(2-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl)-6-methoxybenzofuran H. polybotrys [42]
145 6-hydroxy-2-(2-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl)-benzofuran H. polybotrys [42]
Others
146 Raspberry ketone H. theinum [3, 26]
147 Rhododendrol H. theinum [3, 26]
148 Cetyl ferulate H. polybotrys [4, 27]
149 Polybotrin H. polybotrys [53]
150 Hedysalignan A H. polybctrys [21]
151 4′-hydrox-y-trans-cinnamic acid docosyl ester H. multijugum [29]
152 Caffeic acid tetracosyl ester H. multijugum [29]
153 p-hydroxybenzoic acid H. setigerum [50]
154 (E)-3-(4-hydroxy-2-methoxyphenyl)-prope noicacid4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl ester H. polybotrys [54]
155 Protocatechoic acid H. setigerum [50]