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Table 2 The absolute and relative contents of fatty acids in P. ginseng (G, n = 8), P. notoginseng (NG, n = 9) and P. quinquefolius (AG, n = 12)

From: Fatty acid variability in three medicinal herbs of Panaxspecies

Fatty acids Absolute content (μg/g) Relative content (%)
No. Common name Symbol G NG AG G NG AG
1 Myristic acid C14:0 0.16 ± 0.03a 0.20 ± 0.05a 0.28 ± 0.08b 0.41 ± 0.26a 0.54 ± 0.14a 0.70 ± 0.14b
2 Pentadecanoic acid C15:0 0.47 ± 0.05a 0.15 ± 0.01b 0.34 ± 0.04c 0.89 ± 0.08a 0.42 ± 0.06b 0.86 ± 0.14a
3 Palmitic acid C16:0 13.93 ± 1.52a 10.49 ± 1.22b 14.69 ± 1.04a 26.31 ± 0.92a 29.39 ± 1.84b 36.92 ± 4.76c
4 Palmitoleic acid C16:1 (n-9) 0.71 ± 0.17a 0.18 ± 0.07b 1.33 ± 0.27a 0.45 ± 0.17b
5 Heptadecanoic acid C17:0 0.36 ± 0.04a 0.21 ± 0.03b 0.51 ± 0.07c 0.69 ± 0.09a 0.62 ± 0.12a 1.27 ± 0.19b
6 Stearic acid C18:0 1.41 ± 1.02 1.05 ± 0.55 1.50 ± 0.20 2.63 ± 1.71ab 2.84 ± 1.09a 3.78 ± 0.80b
7 Oleic acid C18:1 (n-9) 3.88 ± 0.55a 3.96 ± 1.22ab 2.98 ± 0.61b 7.37 ± 0.97a 11.03 ± 2.81b 7.38 ± 1.23a
8 Linoleic acid C18:2 (n-6) 28.22 ± 2.3a 17.98 ± 2.41b 17.47 ± 4.34b 53.51 ± 2.93a 50.25 ± 3.94a 42.58 ± 5.28b
9 α-linolenic acid C18:3 (n-3) 1.71 ± 0.26a 1.25 ± 0.22b 1.53 ± 0.45ab 3.24 ± 0.45 3.49 ± 0.53 3.72 ± 0.73
10 Arachidic acid C20:0 0.45 ± 0.09a 0.50 ± 0.20a 0.70 ± 0.20b 0.85 ± 0.16a 1.40 ± 0.55b 1.78 ± 0.68b
11 Eicosadienoic acid C20:2 (n-6) 0.52 ± 0.07 a 0.24 ± 0.05b 0.98 ± 0.14a 0.58 ± 0.10b
Total FA 51.84 ± 4.18a 35.80 ± 4.31b 40.41 ± 5.49b 100.00 100.00 100.00
SFA 16.78 ± 2.18a 12.61 ± 1.84b 18.02 ± 0.95a 31.77 ± 3.22a 35.22 ± 2.80b 45.31 ± 5.63c
MUFA 4.59 ± 0.67a 3.96 ± 1.22ab 3.16 ± 0.64b 8.70 ± 1.24ab 11.02 ± 2.81a 7.82 ± 1.26b
PUFA 30.45 ± 2.33a 19.23 ± 2.57b 19.23 ± 4.79b 57.73 ± 3.51a 53.74 + 4.26a 46.87 + 5.92b
n-6/n-3 17.17 ± 2.7a 14.65 ± 1.88a 11.85 ± 1.48b 17.16 ± 2.70a 14.65 ± 1.88a 11.86 ± 1.48b
  1. Data represents mean ± SD. Averages followed by different letters are significantly different (P < 0.05). FA, fatty acid; SFA, saturated fatty acids; MUFA, monounsaturated fatty acids; PUFA, polyunsaturated fatty acids; n-6/n-3: ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acids.