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Table 6 Database of the average relative percentage sugar composition of raw unpigmented reference materials

From: Analysis of plant gums and saccharide materials in paint samples: comparison of GC-MS analytical procedures and databases

Common name Family and species General origins of plant family Relative percentage content Total Sugars % Procedure
    xylose arabinose rhamnose fucose galacturonic acid glucuronic acid glucose mannose galactose fructose   
Acacia sp. obtained from the sap of Acacia giraffe trees Africa (India has several spp.) 0 30 4 0 - - 0 1 65 0 22 GCI
Angra (acacia) obtained from the sap of Acacia karoo trees South Africa 0 59 2 0 - - 0 0 39 0 66 GCI
Tahla (acacia) obtained from the sap of Acacia seyal trees Senegal to Sudan, Africa 0 63 0 0 - - 0 0 36 0 71 GCI
Gum Arabic obtained from the sap of trees Acacia senegal Tropical Africa 0 38 17 0 - - 0 0 45 0 65 GCI
    0 26 13 0 0 12 0 0 49 no 90 DCCI
Mesquite obtained from the plant Prosopis sp. North and South America 0 71 1 0 - - 0 0 29 0 77 GCI
Almond exuded by Prunus amygdalus trees Eurasia, North Africa 14 49 1 0 - - 0 1 34 0 56 GCI
Apricot exuded by the trees Prunus armeniaca Armenia, India, Greece 7 44 1 0 - - 1 4 43 0 60 GCI
Cherry exuded by the trees Prunus serrulata Northern Hemisphere 8 57 1 0 - - 1 2 31 0 67 GCI
Cherry exuded by the trees Prunus Cerasus Northern Hemisphere 5 35 2 0 0 4 0 2 52 no 95 DCCI
Peach exuded by the trees Prunus persica China/Persia 14 44 2 0 - - 1 1 38 0 73 GCI
    15 44 1 0 0 4 0 2 34 no 34 DCCI
Plum exuded by the trees Prunus Eurasia 11 43 4 0 - - 0 3 40 0 75 GCI
    12 31 3 0 0 13 0 4 37 no 12 DCCI
Tragacanth obtained from the sap of the plants Astragalus Eurasia and Africa 22 43 2 9 - - 10 0 12 0 57 GCI
    19 31 2 6 17 1 12 0 12 no 50 DCCI
    19 43 5 7 0 0 12 0 14 no 24 GCI
    24 20 2 19 7 0 18 0 10 no 14 DCCI
    14 40 6 7 0 0 12 0 21 no 27 DCCI
    9 38 5 4 3 0 20 0 21 no 24 DCCI
Ghatti exuded by the trees Anogeissus latifolia India 1 60 2 1 - - 1 1 34 0 55 GCI
    0 47 3 0 0 11 0 2 37 no 65 DCCI
Karaya exuded by the plant Sterculia sp. India 0 1 40 0 - - 0 0 58 0 37 GCI
    0 0 25 0 7 4 0 0 64 no 41 DCCI
Angico exuded by the trees Piptadenia sp. Brazil 0 61 11 0 - - 0 0 27 0 75 GCI
Cashew exuded by the plants Anacardium sp. India, South America, Southeast Asia, Africa 0 28 1 0 - - 1 0 70 0 30 GCI
Carageean extracted from Seaweed China 1 0 0 0 - - 4 0 95 0 33 GCI
Locust bean exuded by the trees Ceratonia sp. Mediterranean 1 8 0 0 - - 3 63 21 5 84 GCI
    0 0 0 0 0 0 0 62 38 no 30 DCCI
Guar is the endosperm of guar beans, legumen of the plants Cyamopsis tetragonolobus India 0 2 0 0 - - 2 58 37 1 91 GCI
    0 2 0 0 0 0 0 63 35 no 75 DCCI
Orchid obtained from the fruit of the plants Orchis sp. World Wide 0 0 1 0 - - 25 72 1 0 62 GCI
Frankincense exuded by the trees Boswellia Arabic pensinsula and Africa 3 28 10 2 - - 11 1 40 5 1 GCI
    0 21 9 0 0 6 0 1 62 no 5 DCCI
    0 23 1 1 0 3 0 1 72 no 12 DCCI
Myrrh resin sap of the plants Commiphora Arabic pensinsula and Africa 2 30 0 3 - - 0 8 58 0 16 GCI
    3 43 1 1 0 2 0 4 46 no 7 DCCI
Mastic sap of the trees of the genus: Pistacia; species: Pistacia lentiscus Mediterranean region 0 51 2 1 0 2 0 3 40 no 1 DCCI
Elephant apple Dillenia indica India 5 46 0 0 - - 0 0 49 0 57 GCI
Escobilla Sida rhombifolia North America 13 6 19 0 - - 36 2 20 4 14 GCI
Rice Powder seed of the plants Oryza sativa World Wide 0 0 0 0 - - 100 0 0 0 58 GCI
Mangosteen fruit obtained from the fruit of Garcinia mangostana plants Southeast Asia 2 2 1 0 - - 4 1 2 87 18 GCI
Nopal Cactus obtained from the Opuntia-fiucs indica South America 1 23 4 0 - - 3 0 69 0   GCI
Honey produced by Apis honey bees World Wide 0 0 0 0 - - 31 0 0 69 56 GCI
    0 0 0 0 0 0 100 0 0 yes 20 DCCI
    0 0 0 0 0 0 100 0 0 yes 20 DCCI
    0 0 0 0 0 0 100 0 0 yes 20 DCCI
Beeswax produced by Apis honey bees World Wide 0 0 0 0 0 0 100 0 0 no 0 DCCI
Propolis produced by Apis honey bees World Wide 9 16 13 0 0 1 40 13 8 yes 2 DCCI
Cochineal dye produced from the scale insects Cochineal (Dactylopius coccus) primarily tropical and subtropical South America and Mexico 0 0 0 0 - - 69 14 1 11 4 GCI
Henna dye produced from the leaves of the plants Lawsonia inermis tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, southern Asia, and northern Australasia in semi-arid zones 7 9 3 0 - - 61 1 8 10 8 GCI
Indigo dye extracted from the Indigofera plants originally from Pakistan, Indigofera plants can be found in tropical and subtropical regions of the world 1 6 24 1 - - 33 2 14 4 2 GCI
Redwood dye    76 3 2 0 - - 13 3 4 0 7 GCI
paper/ wood (average)   World Wide 70 2 1 0 - - 20 3 1 1 8 GCI
wood Beech hardwood 75 2 1 0 0 0 16 1 5 no 7 DCCI
  Oak hardwood 72 2 0 0 0 0 21 3 2 no 13 DCCI
  Pine softwood 24 7 0 0 1 0 27 32 9 no 7 DCCI
  Fir softwood 22 4 0 0 0 0 33 36 5 no 7 DCCI
White fluffy fungus obtained from Acremonium spp.   1 1 0 0 - - 22 16 59 0 15 GCI
Luohanguo water extract fruit of the of Siraiti trees; species: Siraitia grosvenorii China 0 0 0 0 0 0 100 0 0 no nd DCCI
fig latex obtained from Common Fig trees (Ficus carica), when the fruit is detached from the branch Mediterranean region, Iran, Pakistan and northern India, and also in other areas of the world with a similar climate 3 7 37 4 0 0 23 17 9 no nd DCCI
Hen's Egg   World Wide 0 0 0 0 0 0 18 70 12 no <1 DCCI
Animal glue obtained from the cartilageneous parts of rabbits World Wide 2 0 0 0 0 0 35 2 61 no <1 DCCI
Cow's Milk   World Wide 0 0 0 0 0 0 39 3 59 no 12 DCCI